Strategic planning from an Italian republican perspective - In order for it to be complete, a planning system cannot be limited to local considerations. A higher level of conceptualisation is required, though very often this is lacking or else is present only formally, hence without any tangible consequences. In the debate of the last few decades, commentators have reached consensus over the fact that strategic planning should be seen not only as being on a higher level than local planning, but above all as a different way of planning. The present article explores the discontent that for several years has been a constant companion of this type of planning and traces the reasons for this in three main issues, all of which boil down to excessive expectations in strategic plans. The piece concludes by arguing that it is possible to design and implement a complete planning system only in a republican perspective, by which is meant using a spirit of ‘constitutional patriotism’ as the foundation on which to rebuild an authoritative role for the state in the context of legality accompanied by a renewed sense of responsibility vis-à-vis planning.