"A switch in time" per la Comunità Europea? La dottrina Lochner e la rimodulazione dei diriti economici e sociali in Europa - This essay undertakes a comparative analysis of debates related to the legacies of the Lochner era in the US with contemporary debates in Europe. It demonstrates that in the 1980s and early 1990s the governance of the EC began to assume characteristics reminiscent of Lochner era governance. In particular, concerns arose that the ECJ was undermining state-level social regimes via an activist jurisprudence that tended towards negative integration by favoring Community-wide economic rights over state-level social protections. Over the last fifteen years there has been a substantial effort to recalibrate this approach. However, in contrast to the demise of Lochnerism in the US, the EC and its Member States have reacted by vesting the ECJ with broader authority to determine policy. The Article concludes that the Lochner era serves as a paradigmatic anti-model that the ECJ can only ignore at its extreme peril.
Key words: Lochnerism; Supreme Court of the United States; European Union; European Court of Justice; Social rights; Economic rights.
Parole chiave: Dottrina Lochner; Corte Suprema degli Stati Uniti; Unione Europea; Corte di Giustiza europea; Diritti sociali; Diritti economici.)" />