Learning from errors to improve safety and organizational reliability: the role of sociology of organization - The objective of this article is to examine which role the theory and sociology of organization might have in the accident analysis of organizations for the improvement of safety and reliability. The possible role for organizational research on accidents in organizations. The two main aims are: the analysis of two different logics of inquiry in case of accidents - the individual blame logic vs the functional-organizational logic-; the evaluation of the possible role and the practical difficulties in the implementation of an organizational approach if errors and organizational accidents occur. Main attention will focus on organizational research direct to have influence on social processes and conditions of extra-academic effect.
Key words: organizational learning, organizational errors, blame culture, just culture, safety, organizational reliability