In spite of their importance for society and the legal system, legal scholars constitute the least studied branch of the legal profession. In this article, the author argues for focusing study on legal scholars themselves, rather than on issues of legal science or legal doctrine, as the subject has been approached traditionally. The main topics of a social study of legal scholars are singled out: Who are they? What is their education and knowledge? Who is their audience? What forms do their publications take? Where does their income come from? How relevant are they for the legal system? What is their place in society and the political system? As an example of this approach, the article studies nineteenth-century legal scholars from Venezuela as a group.