The transformations of football support in Italy: interpretations and first findings of an ongoing research - This article focuses on the sociological dimensions of football support in Italy, as phenomenon of collective mobilization. The article is composed of three sec- tions: in the first part the problem is introduced and some relevant interpretations on football support as phenomenon are discussed; in the second, on the basis of the previous criticism, a different interpretation is proposed and the methodology used is discussed in order to study the transformations of football support. Lastly, in the third section, first findings of an ongoing research are presented. These data show that football support, during a long process that leads to the birth and the affirmation of hooligan group, takes three social meanings, traceable trough the analysis of meaning and orientation of the supporters’ action: 1) it expresses an anti-technocratic conflict which refers to the enjoyment of loisir, at a time when the entertainment value is politically and economically crucial; 2) it assumes the outlines of a postmodern public sphere; 3) in this new public sphere, it becomes the vehicle for expression of conflict and instances that have not sufficiently achieved "citizenship" in the political parties and new social movements.
Keywords: Football Support, Hooligans, Public Sphere, Collective Mobilization, Anti-technocratic Conflict, Loisir.