The Italian Wars in the Illustrated Magazines of the Sixties - The essay reconstructs the images of the wars fought by Italy in the 20th century, and particularly of the First and of the Second World War, widespread among Italian public opinion in the Sixties, through the analysis of eight illustrated magazines of high circulation and different orientations: Famiglia cristiana, L’Europeo, Oggi, Tempo, Epoca, Vie nuove, L’Espresso and Gente. Taking into consideration the illustrated magazine both as a product of the entertainment industry and as an opinion maker, the author investigates its different levels of fruition and identifies in particular three processes at work in these periodicals: mythicization, ideologization, and narrativization. Besides a feeling of extraneousness towards national wars which emerges as a myth common to all the illustrated magazines, the author outlines how the most relevant aspect of Italian public opinion of the time was the existence of opposing and polemical memories of the national past (especially of the Resistance). Finally, the essay focuses on the continuity and the changing elements of some of these memories over time and on their relationship with the public political discourse elaborated by the political forces involved in the centre-left governments.
Keywords: World wars memory, Resistance, Italian public opinion, the Sixties, illustrated magazines, process of mythicization (Testo inglese rivisto da Mattia Toaldo)