Papers by the following authors: Anna Badino, Michele Colucci, Flavia Cumoli, Pietro Pinna, Grazia Prontera, Sandro Rinauro, Roberto Sala and Giovanna Massariello Merzagora, Laura Sudati, are here introduced and discussed by Patrizia Audenino and Ercole Sori. Due to the great difference existing among these researches, attention is focused on some common issues, trying to detect main methodological innovations and their most important gains the field of migration studies. First of all must be noticed that all these researches (with the only exception of the Pinna’s one) are focused on the second half of the twentieth century, a period so far largely neglected by the historical research on Italian migrations. An important common approach is the declared effort to study migrations in order to achieve a better knowledge of Italian history. Other important common issues are a renovated attention paid to history of institutions, with the innovative approach of considering them from the point of view of emigrants, asking questions on the effect on the life and work of the migrants of the politics adopted by the Italian institutions. In doing so, most of authors make an extensive use of documents produced by emigrants themselves, as letters and interviews. This kind of documents allows also to bring new insights on the building of the identity feeling among migrants.
Keywords: Italian migrations, Politics of migration, Illegal migrations, Labour, Women.