This contribution deals with the end of life and living will in the light of the current debate in Italy. Starting from the emblematic case of Eluana Englaro, it examines some critical issues related to the interpretation of art. 32 of the Italian Constitution, such as the concepts of autonomy, informed consent and unavailability of human life. Judges are held accountable to answer social demands as affirmation of individual rights of freedom on the end of their own life, due to the inertia of action from the politics. Finally, it is carried out a theoretical analysis of the social effects of the bio-law in changing societies as well as of the role of science and medicine into person/disease matters.
Keywords: Italian Constitution, autonomy, end of life, death, medicine, technoscience, society