Italy was the first European country to plan a strategy for public vaccination against HPV, a viral infection responsible for cervical cancer, the first cancer recognized by the World Health Organization as totally due to an infection sexually transmitted, recommending the vaccine to twenty year old girls. After the administration of HPV vaccines started, many doubts, perplexity and fears about its effectiveness, the possible effects, but especially about the acceptance of the vaccine, have arisen. This study, which involved 507 Neapolitan mothers with daughters age 12 years, aims to investigate the role of some psychosocial variables (knowledge, outcome expectancies, risk perception, intentions, parental self-efficacy and family efficacy) in the acceptance of the vaccine. The data were collected using a self-report questionnaire. The results show the existence of different profiles of the respondents according to their choice referring to the HPV vaccine. This could have useful implications in prevention campaigns in favor to screening vaccine, suggesting to adopt different strategies based on the mothers’ characteristics.
Keywords: HPV, acceptability of HPV vaccines, psychosocial factors