During the Twenties and Thirties, Fascist foreign policy turned Albania into one of the most important goals of the political, economic and cultural expansion of Italy in South-Eastern Europe. Through the analysis of unpublished documentary material coming from the archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Rome and from the National Archives of Rome, the paper analyzes some of the main directions of Italian foreign policy and the Italian cultural policy toward the Adriatic country. Despite the attempts of king Zog to maintain margins of autonomy, since the mid-Thirties the Italian pressure didn’t do anything else other than to increase: the means that the fascist regime used for increasing his own influence and his interference in the Albanian internal affairs were conspicuous financial loans, military helps, increase in the number of the Italian schools, imposition of compulsory Italian language classes, the massive recourse to corruption that didn’t spare the Albanian sovereign and its entourage. The openly declared aim by count Ciano was that to achieve the annexation of the neighboring country whenever the international situation had made it possible.
Keywords: Albania, Balkans, Fascist’s foreign policy, international relations, Fascist propaganda, aggression