Psychoanalytical practice has changed under the joint effect of social and cultural factors and of the forms of psychic suffering depending on them. This evolution led to the development of further devices for psychoanalytical work with families, couples, groups and institutions. Experience with groups opened new access to the knowledge of the unconscious and its effects on subjectivity, the layout of intrapsychic space, of the space of intersubjective links and group space. The concepts and models used to explain psychic reality in these three spaces are relevant for the treatment of the various forms of today’s discontent.
Keywords: Civilization and its discontent, unease in today’s world, group psychoanalytic approach, subject of the unconscious and social subject, unconscious alliances, metaframework, metapsychic and metasocial guarantors