Click here to download

Group relations conferences as intervention in the organisation
Journal Title: RICERCA PSICOANALITICA 
Author/s: Eliat Aram, Mannie Sher 
Year:  2013 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  18 Pg. 89-106 FullText PDF:  677 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RPR2013-001006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


This paper identifies Group Relations as a method for studying groups and observing how people perform their roles in groups and systems. The method helps to distinguish between fantasy and reality; to judge between truth and the lie; to come to grips between projection and introjection, between transference and countertransference. The paper describes the features of Group Relations work including working with transference and counter-transference phenomena; skill in interpreting group unconscious dynamics; working within the boundaries of space and time as well as within psychological boundaries; being clear about working on roles and tasks; working with the group-as-a-whole, and being able to generate working hypotheses about groups and their organisational functioning.
Keywords: Tavistock; Group Relations; dynamics; unconscious; projection; introjection, transference; countertransference

  1. Abrahams F. (2011). New inter-organisational forms for UK local government partnership delivery. In: Lapointe P., Pelletier J., Vaudreuil F. (Eds). Different Perspectives on Work Changes. Quebec: Université Laval.
  2. Aram E. (2011). Introduction to Complexity. The TIHR lunch time food for thought series. http://www.tavinstitute.org/lectures_and_presentations/video/anintroduction-to-comple-xity-theory/.
  3. Aram E. (2010) The Aesthetics of Group Relations. 40th anniversary symposium. Chicago, 2010. http://www.tavinstitute.org/lectures_and_presentations/podcast/%e2%80%98the-aesthetics-ofgroup-relations%e2%80%99/.
  4. Aram E., Baxter R. & Nutkevitch A. (2009). Adaptation and Innovation: Theory, Design and Role-Taking in Group Relations Conferences and their Applications, Vol. II. London: Karnac.
  5. Aram E., Baxter R. & Nutkevitch A. (2012). Tradition, Creativity and Succession in the Global Group Relations Network, Vol. III. London: Karnac.
  6. Armstrong D. G. (1997). The Institution in the mind. Reflections on the relationship of psychoanalysis to work with institutions. Free Associations, vol. 7, part I, 41: 1-14.
  7. Armstrong, D., (1992). Names, thoughts and lies: the relevance of Bion's later writing for understanding experience in groups. Free Associations, vol. 3, part II, 26: 261-282.
  8. Bion W. R. (1952). Group dynamics: A review. Int. J. Psycho-anal., 33: 235-47; anche in: Klein M.: New Directions in Psychoanalysis. London: Tavistock, 1955.
  9. Bion W. R. (1948-51). Experiences in Groups. Human Relations 1: 4., 10.1177/001872674800100303.DOI: 10.1177/001872674800100303.
  10. Bion W. R. (1961). Experiences in Groups and Other Papers. London: Tavistock Publications; New York: Basic Books., 10.4324/9780203359075.DOI: 10.4324/9780203359075.
  11. Bion W. R. (1985). Container and Contained. In: Coleman A. D. & Geller M. H. (Eds.). Group Relations Reader 2. Washington: A. K. Rice Institute.
  12. Bion W. R. (1970). Attention and Interpretation. London: Tavistock Publications.
  13. Bion W. R. (1985). All My Sins Remembered and the Other Side of Genius. Abingdon: Fleetwood Press.
  14. Bridger H. & Higgin G. (1964). The Psychodynamics of an Inter-group Experience. Human Relations, vol. 17: 391-446., 10.1177/001872676401700406.DOI: 10.1177/001872676401700406.
  15. Brunner L. D., Perini M. & Vera E. (2009). Italian Group Relations Conferences: Between Adaptation and Innovation. In: Aram E., Baxter R., & Nutkevitch A. (Eds.). Adaptation and Innovation. London: Karnac.
  16. Brunner L., Nutkevitch A. & Sher M. (2006). Group Relations Conferences: Reviewing and Exploring Theory, Design, Role-Taking and Application. Vol. I. Karnac: London.
  17. Child C. (2009). Intervening to Support the Development of Partnership Capacity and Performance at Strategic Levels in Local Governance Arenas. Unpublished Thesis.
  18. Emery F. (1959). Characteristics of Socio-Technical Systems. London: Tavistock Institute Document. 527.
  19. Follett M. P. (1920). The New State. London: Longmans, Green.
  20. Follett M. P. (1973). Dynamic Administration. In: Elliott Fox M. and Urwick L. (eds.), The Collected Papers of Mary Parker Follett. London: Pitman Publishing.
  21. Freud S. (1915). Instincts and their vicissitudes. S.E. 14. London: Hogarth Press.
  22. Freud S. (1921). Group psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. S. E. 18. London: Hogarth Press, 1971.
  23. Freud S. (1925). Negation. S.E. 19. London: Hogarth Press, pp. 235-239.
  24. Gosling R. (1979). Another Source of Conservatism in Groups. In: Lawrence W. G. (Ed.). Exploring Individual and Organisational Boundaries: A Tavistock Open Systems Approach. London: John Wiley & Sons. (Reprinted: London: Karnac, 1999).
  25. Gosling R. (1981). A Study of Very Small Groups. In: Grotstein J.S. (Ed.). Do I Dare Disturb the Universe? A Memorial to Dr Wilfred Bion. New York: Aronson.
  26. Gosling R. (Ed.) (1973). Support, Innovation and Autonomy: Tavistock Clinic Golden Jubilee Papers. London: Tavistock Publications.
  27. Gosling R., Miller D. M., Turquet P.M. & Woodhouse D. (1967). The Use of Small Groups in Training. Hitchin, Herts: Codicote Press.
  28. Gould L., Stapley L. & Stein M. (2004). Experiential Learning in Organisations: Applications the Tavistock Group Relations Approach. London: Karnac.
  29. Gould L., Stapley L. & Stein M. (2001). The Systems Psychodynamics of Organisations: Integrating the Group Relations Approach, Psychoanalytic and Open Systems Perspec-tives. London: Karnac.
  30. Harrison T. & Clarke D. (1992). The Northfield Experiments. Br. J. Psychiatry, May, 160: 698-708.
  31. Hills D. & Child C. (2000). Leadership in Residential Care, evaluating qualification training. Chichester: John Wiley & Son.
  32. Huffington C., Armstrong D., Halton W., Hoyle L. and Pooley J. (eds.) (2004). Working Below the Surface: the emotional life of contemporary organisations. London: Karnac.
  33. Halton W. (2010). Group Relations: Achieving a New Difference. Organisational and Social Dynamics, vol. 10, 2.
  34. Hupkens L. (2006). Applying Group Relations Learning to the Daily Work of Consultants and Managers: theorists solve the problems they want to; practitioners solve the problems they have to. In: Brunner L. D., Nutkevitch A. & Sher M. (Eds.). Group Relations Conferences. London: Karnac.
  35. Jager W. & Sher M. (2009). Knowing the Price of Everything and the Value of Nothing: the Application of Group Relations to Organisational Development and Change with a Financial Institution. In: Aram E., Baxter R. & Nutkevitch A. (Eds.). Adaptation and In-novation. London: Karnac.
  36. Jaques E. (1955). Social systems as a defence against persecutory and depressive anxiety. In: Klein M., Heimann P. & Money-Kyrle R.E. (Eds.). New Directions in Psychoanalysis. London: Tavistock Publications, pp. 478-98.
  37. Klein M. (1932). The Psychoanalysis of Children. The Writings of Melanie Klein, Vol. 3. London: Hogarth Press, pp. 1-24.
  38. Klein M. (1959). Our Adult and its Roots in Infancy. In: Klein M. Envy and Gratitude and Other Works. (1946-1963). London: The Hogarth Press Ltd.
  39. Klein M. (1957). Envy and Gratitude. London: Tavistock Publications.
  40. Lawrence W. G. (1986). A Psychoanalytic Perspective for Understanding Organisational Life. In: Chattopadhyay G., Gangee Z., Hunt L., & Lawrence W. G. (Eds.). When the Twain Meet. Allahabad: A. H. Wheeler.
  41. Lawrence W. G. (1977). Management development: ideals, images and realities. Journal of European Industrial Training, 1(2): 21-25., 10.1108/eb014148.DOI: 10.1108/eb014148.
  42. Lawrence W. G. (1982). Some Psychic and Political Dimensions of Work Experience. Lon-don: Tavistock Institute, Occasional Paper.
  43. Lawrence W. G. (1993). Signals of transcendence in large groups as systems. Group, 17(4): 254-266., 10.1007/BF01419723.DOI: 10.1007/BF01419723.
  44. Lawrence W. G. (2000). Tongued with Fire. Groups in Experience. London: Karnac.
  45. Lawrence W.G. (1998). Social Dreaming @ Work . London: Karnac Books.
  46. Lawrence W. G. (ed.), (1979). Exploring Individual and Organisational Boundaries. London: Karnac, 1999.
  47. Lawrence W. G., & Miller E. J. (1976). Epilogue. In: Miller E. J. (Ed.). Task and Organisation (pp. 361-366). Chichester: John Wiley.
  48. Lawrence W. G., Bain A., & Gould L. J. (1996). The fifth basic assumption. Free Associations, 6(37): 28-55.
  49. Lawrence W. G. (1997). Centering of the Sphinx for the Psychoanalytic Study of Organisations. Lecture given at the ISPSO conference in Philadelphia, USA, 27 June.
  50. Lawrence W. G. & Robinson P. (1975). An innovation and its implementation: issues of evaluation. Document No. CASR 1069, Tavistock Institute of Human Relations.
  51. Lahav Y. (2009). Exploring Jewish Identity, Belonging and Leadership through the Lens of Group Relations: Reflections and Challenges. In: Aram E., Baxter R. & Nutkevitch A. (Eds.). Adaptation and Innovation. London: Karnac.
  52. Le Bon G. (1895/1960). The Crowd: a Study of the Popular Mind. New York: Viking Press.
  53. Lewin K. (1947). Frontiers in group dynamics: concept, method and reality in social sciences, social equilibria and social change. Human Relations, 1: 5-41., 10.1177/001872674700100103.DOI: 10.1177/001872674700100103.
  54. Litvin I. & Bonwitt G. (2006). Sexual Abuse: Application and Adaptation of BasicGroup Relations Concepts, Technique and Culture to a Specific Social Issue. In: Brunner L. D., Nutkevitch A. & Sher M. (Eds.). Group Relations Conferences. London: Karnac
  55. Mayo E. (1933). The Human Problems of an Industrial Civilization. New York: Macmillan; London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
  56. McDougall W. (1920). The Group Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press., 10.1093/mind/XXIX.3.344.DOI: 10.1093/mind/XXIX.3.344.
  57. Miller E. (1990). Experiential Learning in Groups I: The Development of the Leicester Model. In: Trist E., Murray E. & H. (Eds.). The Social Engagement of Social Science, Vol. 1. The Socio-Psychological Perspective. London: Free Association Books.
  58. Menzies Lyth I. (1988). Containing Anxiety In Institutions: Selected Essays. Volume 1. Lon-don: Free Association Books.
  59. Menzies Lyth I. (1989). The Dynamics of the Social. Selected Essays. Volume 2. London: Free Association Books.
  60. Menzies Lyth I. (1990). A Psychoanalytical Perspective on Social Institutions. In: Trist E., & Murray H. (Eds.). The Social Engagement of Social Science, Vol. I. London: Free As-sociation Books, pp. 404-464.
  61. Menzies I. (1960). A case study in the functioning of social systems as a defence against anxiety. Human Relations 13: 95-121. Reprinted as Tavistock Pamphlet No. 3, Tavistock Institute (1961) and in: Menzies-Lyth I. (1988). Containing Anxiety in Institutions. London: Free Association Books, 43-85.
  62. Miller E. (1990). Experiential Learning in Groups I: The Development of the Leicester Model. In: Trist E., Murray E. & H. (Eds.). The Social Engagement of Social Science, Vol. 1. The Socio-Psychological Perspective. London: Free Association Books.
  63. Miller E. (1990). Experiential Learning in Groups II: Recent Developments in Dissemination and Application. In: Trist E., Murray E. & H. (Eds.). The Social Engagement of Social Science. The Socio-Psychological Perspective. London: Free Association Books.
  64. Miller E. J. & Rice A.K. (1967) Systems of Organisation: Task and Sentient Systems and their Boundary Control. London: Tavistock Publications.
  65. Miller E. J. (1959). Technology, territory and time: the internal differentiation of complex production systems. Human Relations. 12: 243-72., 10.1177/001872675901200304.DOI: 10.1177/001872675901200304.
  66. Miller E. J. (1976). The open system approach to organisational analysis, with special reference to the work of A. K. Rice. In: Hofstede G., & Samikassem M. (Eds.). European Contributions to Organisation Theory. Amsterdam: Von Gorchum, 43-61.
  67. Miller E. J. (1983). Work and Creativity. Occasional Paper No. 6, Tavistock Institute of Human Relations
  68. Miller E. J. (1993). From Dependency to Autonomy; Studies in Organisation & Change. London: Free Associations Books.
  69. Miller E. J. (1993). The human dynamic. In: Stacey R. (Ed.). Strategic Thinking and the Management of Change: International Perspectives on Organisational Dynamics. London: Kogan-Page, pp. 98-116.
  70. Miller E. J. (1995). Integrated Rural Development: A Mexican Experiment. From the Archives: Occasional Paper No. 1. London: The Tavistock Institute.
  71. Miller E. J. (1997). Effecting organisational change in large systems: a collaborative consultancy approach. In: Neumann J., Kellner K., & Dawson-Shepherd A. (Eds.). Developing Organisational Consultancy. London: Routledge.
  72. Nutkevitch A., & Sher M. (2004). Group Relations Conferences: Reviewing and Exploring Theory, Design, Role-Taking and Application. Organisational and Social Dynamics, 4 1: 107-115.
  73. Nutkevitch A. & Triest J. (2009). "Doth my father yet live?": Psychoanalysis and Group Relations Conferences: Revisited. In: Aram E., Baxter R. & Nutkevitch A. (Eds.), Adaptation and Innovation. London: Karnac.
  74. Rice A. K. (1958). Productivity and Social Organisation: The Ahmadabad Experiment. Tavistock. Reprinted, New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1987.
  75. Rice A. K. (1963). The Enterprise and its Environment. London: Tavistock Publications.
  76. Rice A. K. (1965). Learning for Leadership: Interpersonal and Intergroup Relations. Tavistock Publications Ltd. Reprinted (1999) London: Karnac.
  77. Rice A. K. (1969). Individual, Group and Inter-Group Processes. Human Relations. 22: 565-584., 10.1177/001872676902200606DOI: 10.1177/001872676902200606
  78. Sher M. (2003). From Groups to Group Relations: Bion's Contribution to the Tavistock-Leicester Conferences. In: Lipgar R. M. & Pines M. (eds.). Building on Bion: Theory and Practice, pp. 109-144. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  79. Sher M. (2009). Splits, Extrusion and Integration: The Impact of "Potential Space" for Group Relations and Sponsoring Institutions. Organisational and Social Dynamics, 9, 1: 138-154.
  80. Tarnas R. (1991). The Passion of the Western Mind. Pimlico: Reading.
  81. Trist E. (1981). The Evolution of Socio-technical Systems: A conceptual Framework and an Action Research Programme. In: Van de Ven A., & Joy W. (Eds.). Perspectives on Organisational Design and Behaviour. Wiley Interscience.
  82. Trist E. & Bamforth K. (1951). Some social and psychological consequences of the longwall method of coal-getting. Human Relations, 4: 3-38., 10.1177/001872675100400101.DOI: 10.1177/001872675100400101.
  83. Turquet P. (1985). Leadership: The Individual and the Group. In: Colman A. & Geller M. (Eds.). Group Relations Reader 2. Washington: A. K. Rice Institute.
  84. Turquet P. (1975). Threats to Indentity in the Large Group. In: Kreeger L. (Ed.). The Large Group: Dynamics and Therapy. London: Constable. (Reprinted: Karnac, 1994).
  85. Viswanath R. (2009). Identity, leadership and authority: experiences in application of group relations concepts for Dalit empowerment in India. In: Aram E., Baxter R. & Nutkevitch A. (Eds.). Adaptation and Innovation. London: Karnac.
  86. Wasdell D. (1997). Tavistock Review. Self and Society. J. of the Association for Humanistic Psychology. May.

Eliat Aram, Mannie Sher, Group relations conferences as intervention in the organisation in "RICERCA PSICOANALITICA" 1/2013, pp. 89-106, DOI:10.3280/RPR2013-001006

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content