Click here to download

"Gaudent brevitatem moderni": late-medieval revisions of magical theories on the example of the Almandal of Solomon
Journal Title: SOCIETÀ E STORIA  
Author/s: Damaris Gehr 
Year:  2013 Issue: 139 Language: Italian 
Pages:  36 Pg. 1-36 FullText PDF:  1951 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SS2013-139001
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


This article deals with some crucial moments in the editorial history of the Almandal, a pseudosolomonic treatise on the invocation of spirits and angels which circulated widely in Europe in two main versions approximately since the beginning of the thirteenth century. The author introduces a new version of the Almandal which has been preserved in the codex Halle, ULB, 14 B 36. A survey of all known manuscripts proves that the first version of the treatise, which was considered to be a Latin translation of an Arabic text, is in fact the result of the simplification of an earlier Latin text of greater complexity of which almost all traces are lost. The article establishes a new date of the second version of the Almandal and suggests that this version, which was considered to be a Christian adaptation of an Arabic text, is likely to be a Latin translation of a Hebrew text based on the Arabic tradition. The process of simplification and revision of Latin magical treatises, of which the Almandal is an example, is presented as a typical feature of the process of christianisation which characterises the western esoteric tradition during the last centuries of the Middle Ages.
Keywords: Redactional history and datation of the Latin Almandals; textual stratification, simplification and christianisation of medieval texts on learned magic; the Arabic and Hebrew Almandals; historiography on the Almandal; Liber iutarus of Honorius; Magica of Solomon.

  1. Beringarius Ganellus (1346), Summa sacre magice, mss. Be, Ha, Ka, indicati in nota.
  2. Boudet J.-P. (2002), Magie théurgique, angéologie et vision béatifique dans le Liber sacratus sive juratus attribué à Honorius de Thèbes, in «Mélanges de l’École Française de Rome: Moyen-Âge», 114, 2, pp. 851-890.
  3. Boudet J.-P. (2006), Entre science et nigromance. Astrologie, divination et magie dans l’Occident médiéval (XIIe-XVe siècle), Paris, Publications de la Sorbonne.
  4. Cornelius Agrippa (1530), De incertitudine et vanitate omnium scientiarum et atrium liber, Frankfurt/Lipsia, Haeredum Plenerianorum, 1714.
  5. Ferreiro Alemparte J. (1983), La escuela de nigromancia de Toledo, in «Anuario de estudios medievales», 13, pp. 205-268.
  6. Gehr D. (2012a), La fittizia associazione del Liber Razielis in sette libri ad Alfonso X il Saggio e una nuova determinazione delle fasi redazionali del trattato, della loro datazione e dell’identità dei compilatori coinvolti, in «Viator. Multilingual Edition», 43, pp. 181-210.
  7. Gehr D. (2012b), ‘Spiritus et angeli sunt a Deo submissi sapienti et puro’: Il frammento del Magisterium eumantice artis sive scientiae magicalis. Edizione e attribuzione a Berengario Ganello, in «Aries. Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism», 12, pp. 189-217.
  8. Gentile S., Gilly C. (1999), Marsilio Ficino e il ritorno di Ermete Trismegisto, Firenze, Centro Di.
  9. Guilelmus Alvernus (1230), De legibus et sectis, in Hotot F., Le Feron B. (a cura di), Guilelmi Alverni Episcopi Parisiensis Opera Omnia, Paris/Orléans, Pralard, 1674.
  10. Hedegård G. (2002), Liber Iuratus Honorii. A Critical Edition of the Latin Version of the Sworn Book of Honorius, Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell.
  11. Jean Thenaud (1518), Le triumphe des vertuz, in Schuurs-Janssen T.J., Stuip R.E.V. (a cura di), Le triumphe des vertuz. Jean Thenaud. Édité avec introduction, notes, glossaire et index, <4> voll., Genève, Droz, 1997-2010.
  12. Johannes Reuchlin (1494), De verbo mirifico, in Ehlers W.W., Roloff H.-G., Schäfer P. (a cura di), Johannes Reuchlin. Sämtliche Werke, Stuttgart/Bad Cannstatt, Frommann Holzboog, 1996.
  13. Albertus Magnus (1270), Summa theologiae, in Borgnet A. (a cura di), Alberti Magni Opera Omnia, 38 voll., XXXI-XXXIII, Paris, Louis Vivès, 1895
  14. Johannes Trithemius (1509), Antipalus maleficiorum, in Paralipomena opusculorum Petri Blesensis et Ioannis Trithemii, Moguntiae, Balthasar Lippius, 1605.
  15. Barbierato F. (2002), Nella stanza dei circoli. Clavicula Salomonis e libri di magia a Venezia nei secoli XVII e XVIII, Milano, Sylvestre Bonnard.
  16. Kilcher A.B. (2010), Constructing Tradition. Means and Myths of Transmission in Western Esotericism, Leiden/Boston, Brill.
  17. Leicht R. (2006), Astrologumena Judaica. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der astrologischen Literatur der Juden, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck.
  18. Lucentini P., Perrone Compagni V. (2001), I testi e i codici di Ermete nel Medioevo, Firenze, Polistampa.
  19. Martinus Del Rio (1599), Disquisitionum magicarum libri sex, 3 voll., Moguntiae, Johannes Albinus, 1603.
  20. Nicholas Eymerich (1376), Directorium inquisitorum, Barcelona, 1505.
  21. Pack R.A. (1976), Almadel, Auctor pseudonymus: De firmitate sex scientiarum, in «Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge», 42, pp. 147-181.
  22. Pingree D. (1994), Learned Magic in the Time of Frederick II, in «Micrologus», 2, pp. 39-56.
  23. Rebiger B., Schäfer P. (2009), Sefer ha-Razim I und II. Das Buch der Geheimnisse I und II, 2 voll., Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck.
  24. Thorndike L. (1934-58), A History of Magic and Experimental Science, 8 voll., New York, Columbia University Press.
  25. Thorndike L. (1947), Engraved Astrological Images, in «Mélanges Auguste Pelzer. Études d’histoire littéraire et doctrinale de la Scolastique médiévale offertes à Monseigneur Auguste Pelzer», Louvain, Bibliothèque de l’Université, pp. 217-274.
  26. Veenstra J.R. (2002), The Holy Almandal: Angels and the Intellectual Aims of Magic, in Bremmer J., Veenstra J.R. (a cura di), The Metamorphosis of Magic from Late Antiquity to the Early Modern Period, Louvain/Paris/Dudley, Peeters, pp. 189-228.
  27. Véronèse J. (2010), God’s Names and Their Uses in the Books of Magic Attributed to King Solomon, in «Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft», V, 1, pp. 30-50.
  28. Véronèse J. (2012), L’Almandal et l’Almadel latins au Moyen Âge. Introduction et éditions critiques, Micrologus’ Library, 46, Firenze, Il galluzzo.
  29. Weill-Parot N. (2002), Les ‘images astrologiques’ au Moyen Âge et à la Renaissance. Spéculations intellectuelles et pratiques magiques, Paris, Champion.
  30. Werner T. (2007), Den Irrtum liquidieren: Bücherverbrennungen im Mittelalter, Göttingen, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  31. Peterson J. H. (2001), The Lesser Key of Solomon. Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis, York Beach, Weiser Books.
  32. Zambelli P. (1992), The Speculum astronomiae and Its Enigma, Dordrecht/Boston/London, Brill.

Damaris Gehr, "Gaudent brevitatem moderni": late-medieval revisions of magical theories on the example of the Almandal of Solomon in "SOCIETÀ E STORIA " 139/2013, pp. 1-36, DOI:10.3280/SS2013-139001

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content