In their text the authors intend to concentrate on behaviour patterns which are relevant for the cancer problematic or, more accurately, for the studies on the development, prevention and therapy of cancer. To identify a spectrum of potential risk factors they describe different identification strategies. The authors refer to the Type 1 pattern of behaviour, characterized by inhibition in the gratification and activation of those needs and impulses that the subjects evaluate as being selfish and egoistic. They describe the main features of a prospective intervention strategy in which two groups of people displayed more or less the same kind and incidence of cancer risk factors. One of these groups took part in a preventive therapy that aimed to improve self-regulation and autonomy.
Keywords: Cancer; Prevention; Patterns of Behaviour; Prospective Studies; Psychological Types