In this study we analyzed trade in agri-food products in Mediterranean countries, included in the Union for the Mediterranean, to identify specialization patterns in the agri-food sector within the Mediterranean basin. Through the rca index (Balassa) it has been possible to assess the growing importance that non European-Union countries are gradually gaining in traditional agri-food sectors, such as fruit and vegetables, and in other agri-food sectors with higher added value, such as processed products, which only a decade earlier, were less competitive. In contrast, the main eu Mediterranean countries show stability in their agri-food specialization model, with a few exceptions mainly concerning products requiring a high degree of manipulation.
Keywords: Union for the Mediterranean, agri-food, trade, rca
Jel Code: F10, F13, F15
Gioacchino Pappalardo, Valeria Allegra, Marcella Bucca, Alfonso Silvio Zabà, Euro-Mediterranean agri-food trade. Contribution to the development of the "Barcelona Process: the Union for the Mediterranean" in "ECONOMIA AGRO-ALIMENTARE" 1/2013, pp. 37-72, DOI:10.3280/ECAG2013-001003