This essay looks into the problem of the "legalisation" of history, examining the Canadian experience of the last twenty years and dwelling on three main questions, which it discusses in relation to the jurisprudence established by the Supreme Court of Canada. The first is that of the use of historical arguments on the part of the judge and of the increasing presence of historians in the process of judicial decision-making. The second is that of the admissibility of "oral history" as a source of proof in the framework of conflicts concerning the ancestral rights of Native American populations. The third is that of reparations in compensation for the suffering inflicted in the course of history, studied in the tragic affair of the Indian residential schools.
Keywords: History, Memory, Law, Reparations in compensation, Ancestral rights