The Italian Social Republic (RSI) set up special courts of law at provincial level with the task of judging those Fascists who had betrayed the oath of loyalty to the cause and also all of those who, after the 25th of July 1943, had denigrated the Regime or exerted violence against persons or things of Fascist pertinence. The trials, primarily demanded by the secretary of the Republican Fascist Party (PRF) Alessandro Pavolini, yielded nothing but poor results, either for the lack of preparation on the part of the courts or for the modesty of the culprits, nearly always minor figures. In March 1944 the Tribunal of Alessandria brought to trial five anti-Fascist citizens, among whom Walter Audisio, a communist, and Livio Pivano, a militant of the Party of Action, but acquitted all of them. The detainees were set free and disappeared.
Keywords: Italian Social Republic, Alessandria, Provincial Special Courts, anti-Fascism, Walter Audisio, Livio Pivano