The narrative approach in psychology involves the theoretical model of the autobiographical construction of life-themes. Veglia’s conceptualization (1999, 2006) postulates the existence of six Life-Themes (Love, Value, Power, Freedom, Truth and Death) that develop trough interpersonal relationships and remain consistent across cultures. They work as meaning organizers around which individuals construct their personal experiences. Early attachment relationship creates the conditions that enable all the other relationships in the life course. In fact first cognitive and emotional structures develop in interpersonal representations and autobiographical memories mediated by attachment system (Bowlby 1969/1982). The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the presence of these six Life-Themes and how they recur within and across Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) transcripts. Linguistic choices and Life-Themes were analyzed with a qualitative methodology. Fifteen AAI transcripts were analyzed at two levels: (a) thematic text analysis to find what sub-themes emerge from narratives by coding meaningful units of text; (b) semantic text analysis to specify the nature of relations among Life-Themes and sub-themes by demonstrating the network of meaning within the data. Codification and interview analyses have been carried out using ATLAS.ti software. The association between Life-Themes and AAI categories was examined from an explorative view. Data have corroborate the existence of Life-Themes linked to personal attachment histories. Results showed twenty sub-themes, each of which was characterized by reciprocal links. Limitations and future directions of the study will be discussed.
Keywords: Narrative themes, attachment, Adult Attachment Interview, autobiography, qualitative research
Giulia Di Fini, Cristina Civilotti, Maria Zaccagnino, Fabio Veglia, Adult Attachment and Life Themes: A qualitative survey through the textual analysis on Adult Attachment Interview in "QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA" 32/2013, pp. 45-60, DOI:10.3280/QPC2013-032004