The article focuses on the evaluation initiatives and projects carried out in Italy in the recent years. It considers different projects aiming at evaluating the school system, the individual schools, and the universities. The purpose is to make explicit the conceptual and methodological assumptions behind them and to illustrate their impact on school and university teachers’ perceptions of assessment and evaluation. Particular attention is paid to the assessments carried out by the Italian National Institute for the Evaluation of the Education System. The article also discusses the relationships between evaluation and educational policies.
Keywords: Evaluation, school self-evaluation, system evaluation, educational policies