Click here to download

Izquierda Unida, venticinque anni dopo. La sinistra radicale spagnola dal 1986 al 2011
Journal Title: PARTECIPAZIONE E CONFLITTO 
Author/s: Marco Damiani 
Year:  2013 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  23 Pg. 54-76 FullText PDF:  330 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PACO2013-003003
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


After the collapse of the Soviet Union «another» left is now present in Europe, in an attempt to build a reformist maximalist pole, placed on the left of the socialist parties. This experiment lived his first experience in the second half of the twentieth century, when the Spanish Communist Party decided to try to overcome its borders, organizing a broader federation with more political ambitions. Izquierda unida (Iu) was born in 1986 and its story has shown alternate results, strongly influenced by the electoral trend of the Partido socialista obrero español. Despite this, Iu defends its autonomy, maintaining in time the possibility of structuring an alternative party that differs from the Spanish bipolar parties.
Keywords: Party politics, Left, European Radical Left, Spanish Left, Izquierda unida.

  1. Bosco A. (2000), Comunisti. Trasformazioni di partito in Italia, Spagna e Portogallo, Bologna, Il Mulino.
  2. Bosco A. e Morlino L. (eds., 2007), Party Change in Southern Europe, London & New York, Routledge.
  3. Brie M. e Hildebrandt C. (eds., 2005), Parties of the Radical Left in Europe: Analysis and Perspectives, Berlin, Karl Dietz Verlag. Caciagli M. (1994), Spagna: proporzionale con effetti (finora) maggioritari, in O.
  4. Massari e G. Pasquino (a cura di), Rappresentare e governare, Bologna, Il Mulino. Calossi E. (2011), Organizzazione e funzioni degli Europartiti. Il caso di Sinistra Europea, Pisa, Pisa University Press.
  5. Carty R. K. (2004), “Parties as Franchise Systems: The Stratarchical Organizational Imperative”, «Part y Politics», 10, 1. pp. 5-24.
  6. Damiani M. (2011), “Nichi Vendola. For the new ‘laboratory’ of the Italian left”, Bulletin of Italian Politics, III, 2, pp. 371-390.
  7. de Nardis, F. (2009), La Rifondazione Comunista. Asimmetrie di potere e strategie politiche di un partito in movimento, Milano, FrancoAngeli.
  8. de Nardis, F. (2010), “La dialettica politica interna al Partito della Rifondazione comunista nel merito del dibattito espresso in occasione del VII Congresso”, Quaderni di Scienza Politica, XVI, 2, pp. 267-292.
  9. Duverger, M. (1982), La République des citoyens, Paris, Ramsay.
  10. Fernández Gonzalez G. (2011), “La apuesta acertada del Pce”, Mundo Obrero, No. 243, p. 7.
  11. García Viñuela E. e Artés J. (2009), “Una estimación del voto estratégico de Izquierda Unida al Partido Socialista en las elecciones generales del período 2000-2008”, Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas, No. 128, pp. 33-55.
  12. Iglesias G. (1986), “Declaración de G. Iglesias”, Mundo Obrero, No. 384, p. 7.
  13. Kaase, M. (1984), Personalized Proportional Representation: The «Model» of the West German Electoral System, in A. Lijphart e B. Grofman (eds.), Choosing an Electoral System: Issues and Alternatives, New York, Praeger
  14. Katz R.S. e Mair P. (1995), “Changing models of party organization and party democracy: The emergence of the cartel party”, «Party Politics», 1, 1, pp. 5-28.
  15. Kirchheimer, O. (1966), The Transformation of the Western European Party System, in J. La Palombara e M. Weiner (eds.), Political Parties and Political Development, Princeton, Princeton University Press.
  16. Lazar M. (1988), “Communism in Western Europe in the 1980s”, Journal of Communist Studies, IV, 3, pp. 243–257.
  17. March L. e Mudde C. (2005), “What’s Left of the Radical Left? The European Radical Left After 1989: Decline and Mutation”, Comparative European Politics, No. 3, pp. 23–49.
  18. Martínez Fuetes G. (2005), Cohesión de partido y liderazgo político: el caso de Izquierda Unida, 2000-2005, relazione presentata al «VII Congreso español de Ciencia Política y de la Administración», Madrid 21-23 settembre.
  19. Montero J. R. (1996), “Vent’anni di elezioni democratiche in Spagna (1977-1996)”, Quaderni dell’Osservatorio elettorale, No. 36, pp. 75-129.
  20. Otero Carvajal L. E. (2005), Izquierda Unida: un dilemma imposible, dissertation about «Políticas de alianzas y estrategias unitarias en la historia del Pce», Fundación de Investigacione Marxistas, Madrid. Ramiro Fernández L. J. (2004), Cambio y adaptación en la izquierda. La evolución del Partido Comunista de España y de Izquierda Unida (1986-2000), Madrid, Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas.
  21. Romero García J. (2010), La imagen del Izquierda Unida a través de tres medios de comunicación (2003-2008), tesi di dottorato, Departamento de Historia de la Comunicación Social, Facultad de Ciencias de la Información, Madrid, Universidad Complutense.
  22. Schwartz M.A. (1990), The Party Network. The Robust Organization of Illinois Republicans, Madison, University of Wisconsin Press.

Marco Damiani, in "PARTECIPAZIONE E CONFLITTO" 3/2013, pp. 54-76, DOI:10.3280/PACO2013-003003

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content