Therapeutic competence is presented as a concept made up of many components, a sort of prismatic image whose many interconnected faces are: technical and relational skills, sensitivity to context, self-reflection and social awareness. It is necessary to keep in mind that if technical skill (the one highlighting recursivity between the therapist’s theoretical framework, attribution of meaning and actions) is defined within a theoretical- practical model, the other aspects of therapeutic competence are present in different models and are more and more crucial today. So today’s psychotherapists are pressed to "reform" their knowledge and skills as they are aware that they operate in a personal, relational, institutional, social and cultural context within which the meanings of therapy emerge from the intertwining of processes taking place at different levels in the here and now of patient/ therapist interactions. We are invited to reflect on the concept of therapy by overcoming the current fragmentation and non integration of different types of knowledge.
Keywords: Technical skills, relational skills, contextualization, self-reflection, social awareness