Clicca qui per scaricare

Le differenze di genere in psichiatria
Titolo Rivista: SALUTE E SOCIETÀ 
Autori/Curatori: Claudia Carmassi, Lilliana Dell'Osso 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  13 P. 89-101 Dimensione file:  520 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SES2014-001008
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Scientific literature widely demonstrated how of gender differences interact with social, cultural, environmental and neurobiological factors in the development of mental diseases such as mood, psychotic and anxiety disorders. Gender represents a factor that influences not only prevalence rates, but also the disorders’ clinical features, in addition to exposure to potential risk factors like the socioeconomic status. This paper analyses the state of the art on the gender differences reported in the major mental disorders, based on most recent epidemiological and clinical studies that also influenced the development of the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5).


Keywords: Genere, psichiatria, ansia, umore, PTSD, epidemiologia

  1. Allen L.M., Nelson C.J., Rouhbakhsh P., Scifres S.L., Greene R.L., Kordinak S.T., Davis L.J., Morse R.M. (1998). Gender differences in factor structure of the Self Administered Alcoholism Screening Test. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54: 439-445,, DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199806)54:4<439::AIDJCLP6>3.0.CO;2-
  2. American Psychiatric Association (1980). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd edition (DSM-III). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association
  3. American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing Incorporated
  4. Biancheri R., Dell’Osso L., a cura di (2007). Da Esculapio a Igea un approccio di genere alla salute. Pisa: Plus University Press
  5. Biancheri R., a cura di (2008). La dimensione di genere nel lavoro. Scelte o vincoli nel quotidiano femminile. Pisa: Plus University Press
  6. Biancheri R. (2010). Genere e salute. In: Magnier A., Vicarelli G., a cura di, AIS, Mosaico Italia. Lo stato del paese agli inizi del XXI secolo. Milano: FrancoAngeli: 289-295
  7. Biancheri R. (2012). Benessere tra differenze e disuguaglianze di genere in salute. In: Niero M., Bertin G., a cura di, Vulnerabilità e fragilità sociale. Una teoria delle disuguaglianze di salute. Milano: FrancoAngeli
  8. Bracke P. (2000). The three-year persistence of depressive symptoms in men and women. Social Science & Medicine, 51(1): 51-64,, DOI: 10.1016/S0277-9536(99)00432-
  9. Carmassi C., Akiskal H.S., Stratta P., Massimetti E., Calderani E., Akiskal K.K., Yong S.S., Rossi A., Dell’Osso L. (In press). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in DSM-5: Estimates of prevalence and criteria comparison versus DSM-IVTR in a non-clinical sample of earthquake survivors. Journal of Affective Disorders,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.07.02
  10. Dell’Osso L., Carmassi C., Massimetti G., Daneluzzo E., Di Tommaso S., Rossi A. (2011). Full and partial PTSD among young adult survivors 10 months after the L’Aquila 2009 earthquake: gender differences. Journal of Affective Disorders, 131: 79-83,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2010.11.02
  11. Dell’Osso L., Marazziti D., Da Pozzo E., Conversano C., Baroni S., Massimetti G., Martini C., Carmassi C. (2012a). Gender effect on the relationship between stress hormones and panic-agoraphobic spectrum dimensions in healthy subjects. CNS Spectrum, 17(4): 214-20,, DOI: 10.1017/S109285291200068
  12. Dell’Osso L., Carmassi C., Stratta P., Massimetti G., Akiskal K.K., Akiskal H.S., Maremmani I., Rossi A. (2012b). Gender Differences in the Relationship between Maladaptive Behaviors and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. A Study on 900 L’ Aquila 2009 Earthquake Survivors. Fronteers in Psychiatry, 3: 111,, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2012.0011
  13. Dell’Osso L., Carmassi C., Massimetti G., Stratta P., Riccardi I., Capanna C., Akiskal K.K., Akiskal H.S., Rossi A. (2013). Age, gender and epicenter proximity effects on post-traumatic stress symptoms in L’Aquila 2009 earthquake survivors. Journal of Affective Disorders, 146(2): 174-80,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.08.04
  14. Gelenberg A.J. (2010). The prevalence and impact of depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 71(3): e06,, DOI: 10.4088/JCP.8001tx17
  15. Gonzalez A., Kohn M.R., Clarke S.D. (2007). Eating disorders in adolescents. Australian Family Physician, 36(8): 614-9
  16. Kessler R.C. (1995). Epidemiology of psychiatric comorbidity. In: Tsuang M.T., Tohen M., Zahner G.E.P., a cura di, Textbook in Psychiatric Epidemiology. New York: John Wiley & Sons: 179-97
  17. Kessler R.C., Chiu W.T., Demler O., Merikangas K.R., Walters E.E. (2005). Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of 12-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62: 617-627,, DOI: 10.1001/archpsyc.62.6.61
  18. Kuehner C. (1999). Gender differences in the short-term course of unipolar depression in a follow-up sample of depressed inpatients. Journal of Affective Disorders, 56(2-3): 127-39,, DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00035-
  19. Lecrubier Y., Ustun T.B. (1998). Panic and depression: a worldwide primary care perspective. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, Supplement 4(3): S7-11
  20. Lilly M.M., Pole N., Best S.R., Metzler T., Marmar C.R. (2010). Gender and PTSD: What can we learn from female police officers? Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(6): 767-74,, DOI: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.02.01
  21. Maremmani I., Stefania C., Pacini M., Maremmani A.G., Carlini M., Golia F., Deltito J., Dell’Osso L. (2010). Differential substance abuse patterns distribute according to gender in heroin addicts. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 42(1): 89-95,, DOI: 10.1080/02791072.2010.1039978
  22. Narrow W.E., First M.B., Sirovatka P.J., Regier D.A. (2011). Age and gender considerations in Psychiatric Diagnosis: a research agenda for DSM-V. Arlington, Virginia: American Psychiatric Association
  23. Schrijvers D.L., Bollen J., Sabbe B.G. (2012). The gender paradox in suicidal behavior and its impact on the suicidal process. Journal of Affective Disorders, 138(2): 19-26,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.03.05
  24. Simoni-Wastila L. (2000). The use of abusable prescription drugs: the role of gender. Journal of Women’s Health and Gender Based Medicine, 9: 289-297,, DOI: 10.1089/15246090031847
  25. Vega P., Barbeito S., Ruiz de Azúa S., Martínez-Cengotitabengoa M., González-Ortega I., Saenz M., González-Pinto A. (2011). Bipolar disorder differences between genders: special considerations for women. Womens Health, 7(6): 663-74,, DOI: 10.2217/whe.11.7
  26. Wee K.Y., Skouteris H., Pier C., Richardson B., Milgrom J. (2011). Correlates of ante- and postnatal depression in fathers: a systematic review. Journal of Affective Disorders, 130(3): 358-77,, DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2010.06.01
  27. Weissman M.M., Bland R., Canino G., Greenwald S., Hwu H., Joyce P., Karam E., Lee C., Lellouch J., Lepine J., Newman S., Rubio-Stipec M., Wells J., Wickramaratne P., Wittchen H., Yeh E. (1999). Prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempts in nine countries. Psychological Medicine, 29: 9-17,, DOI: 10.1017/S003329179800786
  28. World Health Organization (2008). The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO

Claudia Carmassi, Lilliana Dell'Osso, in "SALUTE E SOCIETÀ" 1/2014, pp. 89-101, DOI:10.3280/SES2014-001008

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche