Despite reworking and rewriting Secular Religion for about ten years, Hans Kelsen eventually withdrew the text from printing in 1964. After long and careful consideration, the Hans Kelsen-Institut has now decided to publish Kelsen’s ‘mys terious’ last book, in which he vehemently opposes any attempt to discredit modern science as failed religion, a view held prominently by Kelsen’s former student Eric Voegelin. Any trend towards a new de-secularisation will have to countenance Kelsen’s criticism. Furthermore, as Kelsen convincingly demonstrates, any trend towards a new theologisation encompasses the risk of totalitarianism.
Keywords: Messianic Theories, Secularisation, Political Theology, Eschatology, Heresy, Gnosticism