This article provides a critical analysis of a recent book by Antoine Garapon, La raison du moindre Etat. Le néolibéralisme et la justice, recently translated into Italian. The author discusses the impact of the liberal ideology upon the legal system. He stresses that neo-liberalism has brought a move towards courts taking on a managerial emphasis in search of efficiency, an accentuated drive for security, a huge tendency to turn to alternative tools of justice and a risky use of genetic inferences in crime prevention and repression. The article develops on the concept of Neo-liberalism, critically questioning the hypothesis that it is undoubtedly successful, in the light of the evolutionist debate about trends in human behaviour and of macro-economic indicators of public and social expenditure and of statistical indicators that measure inequalities in the national and international distribution of wealth.
Keywords: Garapon, Minimal State, Neo-liberalism, genetics, justice