The paper critically compares and discusses the periodic scientific research assessment systems of Italy and of four comparable Countries. The four Countries are: United Kingdom, Australia, France and Spain. The key features of the above mentioned systems are discussed, including: the research quality assessment criteria, the reference to international research quality standards, the impact and relevance of the research outside the academia, the consistency of the scientific researcher’s outputs with the scientific discipline and with the hosting institution’s strategy and activities. The paper concludes with a direct comparison with the Italian system and with some possible proposals for improving the current Italian scientific research assessment framework.
Keywords: Valutazione della ricerca, impact factor, peer review