Click here to download

Family of rules and family of affects. Which are the consequences on the well-being of adolescent offsprings?
Journal Title: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Author/s: Mario Bertini, Maria Francesca Freda, Mario Fulcheri, Danilo Carrozzino, Enrico Molinari, Enrico Solano 
Year:  2014 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  30 Pg. 26-55 FullText PDF:  185 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2014-002003
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


An effective family education implies that parents grow their own children through attitudes and behaviors related to both affective (warmth, support, etc.) and ethical-legal and regulatory (compliance, legitimacy, etc.) aspects. Literature, however, points out the current discrepancy between the affective and ethical-legal aspects - these latter are underestimated (Pietropolli Charmet, 2012; Scabini & Cigoli, 2000). The present work aims to: a) investigate if Ethical-legal and Affective Pole perceived by adolescents can affect their development and b) analyze the relationship between types of parent-child relationship and indicators of well-being and distress. A self-report questionnaire assessing the Ethical-legal and Affective Pole and some variables of well-being and distress such as depression, self-esteem, optimism, life satisfaction, and irritability was administered to 279 adolescents in northern Italy (Range 15-19 years, 46.9% male). Four types of parent-child relationships based on the combinations between the adolescents’ perception of ethical-legal and affective poles were created (high in both, low in both, high ethical-legal and low affective and vice versa). The ANOVA and post-hoc analyses show that all well-being indicators (self-esteem, optimism, life satisfaction) are more prevalent in those families in which adolescents’ perceptions present high levels of both indicators, while distress variables (irritability and depression) are less present. In contrast, families in which adolescents’ perceptions are low on both affective and ethical-legal indicators are those in which adolescents show greater difficulties: they have lower levels of selfesteem, optimism, life satisfaction, and they report more problems with depression and irritability. Families in which adolescents’ perceptions show only one of the two indicator as important produce effects that are placed in an intermediate way.
Keywords: Family relationships’ perception, adolescents, depression, optimism, irritability, life satisfaction.

  1. Antonovsky A. (1996). The salutogenic model as a theory to guide health promotion. Health Promotion International, 11 (1): 11-18., 10.1093/heapro/11.1.1DOI: 10.1093/heapro/11.1.1
  2. Barrera M. Jr., Castro F.G., Strycker L.A. and Toobert D.J. (2013). Cultural adaptations of behavioral health interventions: a progress report. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 196-
  3. 205., 10.1037/a002708DOI: 10.1037/a002708
  4. Belar C.D. (1997). Clinical health psychology: a specialty for the 21st century. Health psychology: official journal of the Division of Health Psychology. American Psychological Association, 16: 411-416., 10.1037//0278-6133.16.5.41DOI: 10.1037//0278-6133.16.5.41
  5. Belar C.D. (2008). Clinical Health Psychology: A Health Care Specialty in Professional Psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39: 5., 10.1037/0735-7028.39.2.22DOI: 10.1037/0735-7028.39.2.22
  6. Belar C.D., Deardroff W.W. (2009). Clinical Health Psycholgy in Medical Settings, Washington: American Psychological Association.
  7. Benveniste E. (1966). Problèmes de linguistique générale. Paris: Gallimard.
  8. Bertini M. (2012). Psicologia della Salute [Health Psychology]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  9. Bertini M.. (2012). Psicologia della Salute [Health Psychology]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  10. Borgonovi E. (2008). La tutela della salute è il fine, il funzionamento dei sistemi e delle aziende è il mezzo [The protection of health is the goal, the operation of the systems and companies is the means], Milano: Egea.
  11. Bornstein R.F. (2005). Reconnecting psychoanalysis to mainstream psychology: challenges and opportunities. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 22: 323-340., 10.1037/0736-9735.22.3.32DOI: 10.1037/0736-9735.22.3.32
  12. Bosio A.C. (2011). Fare lo psicologo. Percorsi e prospettive di una professione [The psychologist. Paths and perspectives of a profession]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  13. Bosio A.C., a cura di (2004). Professioni psicologiche e professionalizzazione della psicologia [Psychological professions and professionalization of psychology]. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  14. Bosio A.C., Pagnini F., Castelnuovo G., Lozza E. e Molinari E. (2013). Lo Psicologo in farmacia: incontrare bisogni psicologi inespressi mediante una ricerca intervento. [The Psychologist at the Pharmacy: meeting unexpressed psychological needs through research intervention]. X Congresso Nazionale SIPSA, Orvieto, 10-12 Maggio.
  15. Care Services Improvement Partnership (2007). Commissioning a brighter future. Improving access to psychological terapies. London: CSIP.
  16. Carli R., Paniccia R.M. (2003). Analisi della Domanda. Teoria e intervento in psicologia clinica [The analysis of the question. Theory and intervention in clinical psychology]. Bologna: Il Mulino.
  17. Christensen A.J. and Nezu A.M. (2013). Behavioral medicine and clinical health psychology: introduction to the special issue. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 193-195., 10.1037/a003168DOI: 10.1037/a003168
  18. Clark D.M. (2011). Implementing NICE guidelines for the psychological treatment of depression and anxiety disorders: The IAPT experience. International Review of Psychiatry, 23: 375-384., 10.3109/09540261.2011.60680DOI: 10.3109/09540261.2011.60680
  19. Cole M. (2004). Psicologia Culturale [Cultural Psychology]. Roma: Edizioni Carlo Amore. Consiglio Nazionale Ordine Psicologi, Gruppo di Lavoro Sviluppo della Professione e Nuove Opportunità. (2013). Area di pratica professionale: Psicologia della Salute [Area of professional practice: Health Psychology] – Retrived from: http://www.psy.it/lo_psicologo/aree_pratica/psicologo_della _salute.pdf. Roma
  20. Cordella B., Di Trani M., Greco F., Renzi A. e Solano L. (2013). La rappresentazione dello psicologo presso i clienti dei Medici di Medicina Generale [The representation of psychologists in the clients of Family Physicians]. XV Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Clinica e Dinamica dell’Associazione Italiana di Psicologia, Napoli, 27-29 Settembre.
  21. De Luca Picione R. and Freda M.F. (2014). Catalysis and Morphogenesis: The Contextual Semiotic Configuration of Form, Function, and Fields of Experience. In: K.R. Cabell and J. Valsiner, editors, The catalyzing mind. Beyond models of causality. Annals of Theoretical Psychology. Vol. 11. New York: Springer.
  22. Derksen J. (2009). Primary care psychologists in the Netherlands: 30 years of experience. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40: 493-501.
  23. Dornelas E.A. (2001). Introduction: Integrating health psychology into clinical practice. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57: 1261-1262., 10.1002/jclp.109DOI: 10.1002/jclp.109
  24. Eddy D.M. (2005). Evidence-Based Medicine: A Unified Approach. Health Affairs, 24 (I): 9-17., 10.1377/hlthaff.24.1.DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.24.1.
  25. Eliot T.S. (1959). Quattro quartetti. [Four quartets] Milano: Garzanti (trad. e note di Filippo Donini) ICCU\SBL\0502683
  26. Engel G.L. (1977). The Need for a New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biomedicine. Science, 196 (4286): 129-36.
  27. Fava G.A., Sonino N. (2010). Psychosomatic Medicine. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (8): 1155-61., 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2009.02266.DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-1241.2009.02266.
  28. Ferro A. (2002). Fattori di Malattia, fattori di guarigione [Seeds of illness, seeds of recovery]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  29. Fulcheri M. (2005). Le attuali frontiere della psicologia clinica [The current frontiers of clinical psychology]. Torino: Centro Scientifico.
  30. Grossinger R. (1980). Placet Medicine: from Stone Age Shammanism to Post-Industrial Healing. New York: Garden City.
  31. Haynes R.B. (1979). Determinants of Compliance: The disease and Mechanics of Treatment. Baltimaore (MD): Johns Hopkins University Press.
  32. Ironson G., O’Cleirigh C., Leserman J., Stuetzle R., Fordiani J., Fletcher M. and Schneiderman N. (2013). Gender-specific effects of an augmented written emotional disclosure intervention on posttraumatic, depressive, and HIV-disease-related outcome: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 284-98., 10.1037/a003081DOI: 10.1037/a003081
  33. Kaptein A. and Weinman J. (2004). Health Psychology: Some Introductory Remarks. In: A. Kaptein and J. Weinman, editors, Health Psychology, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 3-18.
  34. Kiernan M., Brown S.D., Schoffman D.E., Lee K., King A.C., Taylor C.B., Schleicher N.C. and Perri M.G. (2013). Promoting healthy weight with “stability skills first”: a randomized trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 336-46., 10.1037/a003054DOI: 10.1037/a003054
  35. Lakoff G. and Johnson M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago-London: The University of Chicago Press.
  36. Layard R. (2006). The case for psychological treatment centres. British Medical Journal, 332: 1030-1032.
  37. Lega I. e Gigantesco A. (2008). Disturbi mentali comuni in Italia: il progetto EPREMED e lo studio ESEMeD [Common mental disorders in Italy: the EPREMED project and the ESEMeD study]. Notiziario dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 21: 11-15.
  38. Lyons A.C. and Chamberlain K. (2006). Health Psychology. A Critical Introduction. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  39. Marks D.F. (2002). Freedom, responsibility and power: contrasting approaches to health psychology (editorial essay). Journal of Health Psychology, 7: 5-19., 10.1177/135910530200700106DOI: 10.1177/135910530200700106
  40. Michie S. (2004). Professional Practice and Issues in Health Psychology. In: A. Kaptein and J. Weiman, editors, Introduction to Health Psychology, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 384-406.
  41. Moja E. e Vegni E. (2000). La visita medica centrata sul paziente [Patient Centred medical visit]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  42. Molinari E., Pagnini F., Castelnuovo G., Lozza E. and Bosio C.A. (2012). A new approach for psychological consultation: the psychologist at the chemist’s. BMC Public Health, 12: 501.
  43. 10.1186/1471-2458-12-501
  44. Molinari E., Pagnini F., Castelnuovo G., Lozza E. e Bosio A.C. (2014). Nuove frontiere per la psicologia clinica: lo psicologo in farmacia [New frontiers for clinical psychology: the psychologist at the pharmacy]. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia (in stampa). Morin E. (1984). Scienza con coscienza [Science with a consciousness]. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  45. Moss-Morris R., Dennison L., Landau S., Yardley L., Silber E. and Chalder T. (2013). A randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for adjusting to multiple sclerosis (the saMS trial): does CBT work and for whom does it work?. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 251-62., 10.1037/a002913DOI: 10.1037/a002913
  46. Pallak M.S., Cummings N.A., Dorken H. and Henke C.J. (1995). Effect of mental health treatment of medical costs. Mind/Body Medicine, 1: 7-12.
  47. Panza A. (2013). Integrazione dei saperi in medicina [Integration of knowledge in medicine]. Venezia: Libreria Editrice Cafoscarina.
  48. Peterson J.C., Czajkowski S., Charlson M.E., Link A.R., Wells M.T., Isen A.M., Mancuso C.A., Allegrante J.P., Boutin-Foster C., Ogedegbe G. and Jobe J.B. (2013). Translating basic behavioral and social science research to clinical application: the EVOLVE mixed methods approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 217-230., 10.1037/a0029909DOI: 10.1037/a0029909
  49. Petrillo G. (2006). L’approccio biopsicosociale: definizioni e caratteristiche [The biopsychosocial approach: definitions and characteristics]. In: A. Mauri e C. Tinti, a cura di, Psicologia della Salute. Contesti di applicazione dell’approccio biopsicosociale [Health Psychology. Application contexts in bio-psychosocial approch]. Torino: UTET, pp. 3-15.
  50. Ponzio G., a cura di (2008). La Psicologia ed il mercato del Lavoro [Psychology and the work market]. Ordine degli Psicologi del Lazio, Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  51. Quaranta I., a cura di (2006). Antropologia Medica. I testi fondamentali. [Medical Anthropology. The essential texts]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  52. Ricci Bitti P.E. e Gremigni P. (2013). Psicologia della Salute. Modelli Teorici e Contesti Applicativi. [Health Psychology. Theoretical Models and Application Contexts]. Roma: Carocci.
  53. Romano D. (2008). Psicologia della Salute e mestiere dello psicologo. [Health psychology and the job of psychologist]. Psicologia della Salute, 3: 33-46., 10.3280/PDS2008-00300DOI: 10.3280/PDS2008-00300
  54. Salvatore S. e Freda M.F. (2011). Affect, unconscious and sensemaking: A psychodynamic, semiotic and dialogic model. New Ideas in Psychology, 29: 119-135., 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2010.06.00DOI: 10.1016/j.newideapsych.2010.06.00
  55. Seeman J. (1989). Toward a model of positive health. American Psychologist, 44: 1099-1109., 10.1037/0003-066X.44.8.109DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.44.8.109
  56. Sikkema K.J., Ranby K.W., Meade C.S., Hansen N.B., Wilson P.A. and Kochman A. (2013). Reductions in traumatic stress following a coping intervention were mediated by decreases in avoidant coping for people living with HIV/AIDS and childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81: 274-283., 10.1037/a003014DOI: 10.1037/a003014
  57. Sironi F. (2014). Giù le mani dalla psiche: ecco perché il Dsm-5 sbaglia. Parla Eugenio Borgna [Hands off the psyche: this is why DSM-5 is wrong. An interview with Eugenio Borgna] Retrived from: http://espresso.repubblica.it/visioni/scienze/2014/03/21/news/giu-le-mani-dalla-psiche-il-dsm -5-tutto-sbagliato-1.158037
  58. Smith T.W. and Suls J. (2004). Introduction to the special section on the future of health psychology. Health psychology: official journal of the Division of Health Psychology. American Psychological Association, 23: 115-118., 10.1037/0278-6133.23.2.11DOI: 10.1037/0278-6133.23.2.11
  59. Solano L. (2013a). Tra Mente e Corpo: come si costruisce la salute [Between mind and body: how health develops]. Nuova edizione. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  60. Solano L. (2013b). Lo Psicologo di Base nell’Assistenza Sanitaria Primaria [The Psychologist in Primary Health Care]. X Congresso Nazionale SIPSA, Orvieto, 10-12 Maggio.
  61. Solano L., a cura di (2011). Dal Sintomo alla Persona. Medico e Psicologo insieme per l’assistenza di base. [From Symptom to Person. Doctor and Psychologist together for basic care]. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  62. Stewart M. (2001). Towards a global definition of patient centred care. BMJ 322: 444-445., 10.1136/bmj.322.7284.444DOI: 10.1136/bmj.322.7284.444
  63. Stewart M., Brown J., Donner A., Mcwhinney I.R., Oates J., Weston W. and Jordan J. (2000). The impact of patient-centered care on outcome. Family Practice, 49 (9): 796-804., 10.1016/j.pecDOI: 10.1016/j.pec
  64. 2009.03.025
  65. Telfener U. (2011). Apprendere i contesti: strategie per inserirsi in nuovi ambiti di lavoro [Learning about contexts: strategies to enter new work environments]. Milano: Raffaello Cortina.
  66. Westen D. (1998). The Scientific Legacy of Sigmund Freud: Toward a psychodynamically informed Psychological Science. Psychological Bulletin, 124: 333-371., 10.1037/00332909.124.3.333WilliamsG.C.,FrankelR.M.,CampbellT.L.andDeciE.L.(2000).ResearchonRelationship-CenteredCareandHealth-CareOutcomesfromtheRochesterBiopsychosocialProgram:ASelf-DeterminationTheoryIntegration.Families,Systems&Health,18(I):79-90DOI: 10.1037/00332909.124.3.333WilliamsG.C.,FrankelR.M.,CampbellT.L.andDeciE.L.(2000).ResearchonRelationship-CenteredCareandHealth-CareOutcomesfromtheRochesterBiopsychosocialProgram:ASelf-DeterminationTheoryIntegration.Families,Systems&Health,18(I):79-90
  67. World Health Organization (2003). Adherence to Long-Term Therapies: Evidence for Action. Geneve: WHO.
  68. World Health Organization (1948). Constitution. WHO.
  69. World Health Organization (1986). Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. WHO/HPR/HEP/95.1.Geneve: WHO.
  70. World Health Organization (2000). The World Health Report. Health Systems: Improving Performances. Geneve: WHO.
  71. Zaccaro A. and Freda M.F. (2014). Making sense of risk diagnosis in case of prenatal and reproductive genetic counselling for neuromuscular diseases. Journal of Health Psychology, 19 (3): 344-357., 10.1177/1359105312470852DOI: 10.1177/1359105312470852
  72. Zennaro A. (2013). Simposio: Per una psicologia nelle cure primarie.[Symposium: For a psychology in primary care]. X Congresso Nazionale SIPSA, Orvieto, 10-12 Maggio.
  73. Zotti A.M. (2008). Evoluzione di modelli e strumenti della Psicologia della Salute nel sistema sanitario [Update on Health Psychology models and interventions for the public health system]. Psicologia della Salute, 3: 95-106., 10.3280/PDS2008-00300DOI: 10.3280/PDS2008-00300
  74. Zucconi A. e Howell P. (2003). La promozione della salute. Un approccio globale per il benessere della persona e la società [The promotion of health. A comprehensive approach for the well-being of individuals and society], Molfetta, Bari: La Meridiana.

Mario Bertini, Maria Francesca Freda, Mario Fulcheri, Danilo Carrozzino, Enrico Molinari, Enrico Solano, Family of rules and family of affects. Which are the consequences on the well-being of adolescent offsprings? in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2014, pp. 26-55, DOI:10.3280/PDS2014-002003

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content