Gambling is a risky activity for the well-being and quality of life of the individual, the family and the community. The increasing accessibility to gambling has brought to a parallel development of addiction problems. Structural risk factors, notably the "near miss" effect and operant conditioning, are able to affect the individual’s behavior. The harmful consequences of gambling involve the family as a whole. The Blaszczynski and Nower’s pathways model could be useful for the clinical conceptualization of the gambler’s diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Similarly, the Orford’s stress-strain-cope-support model could provide a guide to support families.
Keywords: Gambling, problem gambling, operant conditioning, pathways model, stressstrain- cope-support model.