This work analyses the impact of monetary policy shocks on the investment decisions of Italian firms, taking into account different responses according to their geographic location. Method and Results. We estimate an accelerator dynamic panel model using a Generalized Method of Moments approach. The estimated coefficients seem to confirm the presence of a territorial asymmetry between the productive industrial units of the Centre-North and the ones of the South of Italy in the investments’ sensitivity to the variations in the user cost of capital for each firm as consequence of changes in the reference interest rate adopted by monetary Authority. The results show that, contrary to what happens in the Centre-North, the medium term investments of Southern industrial firms do not increase in response to the reduction of the interest rates. Conclusions. Thus, the activity of accumulation for industrial enterprises in the South of Italy does not seem to be sensitive to the pulses produced by expansionary monetary policies, since the inefficiency of the local financial system and the presence of institutional constraints, being the determining factors for the high cost of bank financing for southern firms, make it sticky the traditional channel of monetary transmission.
Keywords: Monetary policy, territorial asymmetry, interest rates, user cost of capital, industrial investments
Jel Code: E52-C10-R10-D22