Clicca qui per scaricare

La teoria della conoscenza nel medioplatonismo
Titolo Rivista: RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA 
Autori/Curatori: Mauro Bonazzi 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2015 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 339-357 Dimensione file:  101 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2015-002004
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Middle Platonism is not only the result of the exegesis of Plato’s dialogues; it is also the consequence of its engagement with other schools and philosophical movements. Most important, with regard to the problem of knowledge, is its appropriation of some of the cardinal tenets of Stoic epistemology and in particular of ennoiai (notions). Middle Platonism adopted the Stoic theory of ennoiai but argued that such a theory needed to be reinterpreted in an innatist sense in order to provide a real foundation for knowledge. It is only when ennoiai are supported by Ideas that they can be used as a reliable starting-point for knowledge (episteme). In this sense Middle Platonist epistemology can be seen as a revised, metaphysically- oriented, version of Stoic epistemology. A similar strategy was also adopted in the case of Aristotelian intuition. The problem is that at the same time Middle Platonists also admitted that we do not have proper knowledge of Ideas in our incarnate life and this risks paving the way for skepticism, which is what Plotinus would reproach his predecessors with.


Keywords: Middle Platonist epistemology, Plato’s theory of ideas, Stoic epistemology, the problem of the criterion, intuition, Aristotle’s theory of intellect

  1. - Baltes 2002: Matthias Baltes, Der Platonismus in der Antike, vol. VI.2, Fromann-Hozboog, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt 2002.
  2. - Bonazzi 2012: Mauro Bonazzi, Antiochus and Platonism, in David Sedley (ed.), The Philosophy of Antiochus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012, pp. 307-333.
  3. - Bonazzi 2013a: Id., Le commentateur anonyme du Theetete et l’invention du platonisme, in Dimitri El Murr (ed.), La mesure du savoir; études sur le Theeteete de Platon, Vrin, Paris 2013, pp. 309-333.
  4. - Bonazzi 2013b: Id., Concezioni stoiche e idee platoniche, ≪Elenchos≫, XXIV (2013), pp. 327-350.
  5. - Bonazzi 2015: Id., À la recherche des Idées. Platonisme et philosophie hellénistique d’Antiochus à Plotin, Vrin, Paris 2015.
  6. - Boys-Stones 2005: George Boys-Stones, Alcinous, Didaskalikos 4: In Defence of Dogmatism, in Mauro Bonazzi, Vincenza Celluprica (a cura di), L’eredità platonica.
  7. Studi sul platonismo da Arcesilao a Proclo, Bibliopolis, Napoli 2005, pp. 201-234. - Boys-Stones 2012: Id., Antiochus’ metaphysics, in David Sedley (ed.), The Philosphy of Antiochus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012, pp. 220-236.
  8. - Brittain 2005: Charles Brittain, Common Sense: Concepts, Definitions and meaning in and out of the Stoa, in Dorothea Frede, Brad Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning. Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistc Age, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2005, pp. 164-209.
  9. - Brittain 2012: Id., Antiochus’ epistemology, in David Sedley (ed.), The Philosphy of Antiochus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012, pp. 104-130.
  10. - Chiaradonna 2007: Riccardo Chiaradonna, Platonismo e teoria della conoscenza stoica tra II e III secolo d.C., in Mauro Bonazzi, Christoph Helmig (eds.), Platonic Stoicism-Stoic Platonism. The Dialogue between Platonism and Stoicism in Antiquity, Leuven University Press, Leuven 2007, pp. 209-241.
  11. - Decleva Caizzi 1988: Fernanda Decleva Caizzi, La“ materia scorrevole”. Sulle tracce di un dibattito perduto, in Jonathan Barnes, Mario Mignucci (eds.), Matter and Metaphysics, Bibliopolis, Napoli 1988, pp. 425-470.
  12. - Donini 1986: Pierluigi Donini, Lo scetticismo academico, Aristotele e l’unità della tradizione platonica secondo Plutarco, in Giuseppe Cambiano (a cura di), Storiografia e dossografia nella filosofia antica, Tirrenia Stampatori, Torino 1986, pp. 203-226.
  13. - Donini 2012: Id., Una nuova raccolta di studi su Antioco di Ascalona, ≪Methexis≫, XXV (2012), pp. 151-163. - Dyson 2009: Henry Dyson, Prolepsis and Ennoia in the Early Stoa, De Gruyter, Berlin 2009.
  14. - Emilsson 2007: Eyjolfur K. Emilsson, Plotinus on Intellect, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2007.
  15. - Ferrari 1995: Franco Ferrari, Dio, idee e materia. La struttura del cosmo in Plutarco di Cheronea, D’Auria, Napoli 1995.
  16. - Ferrari 1996: Id., La teoria delle idee in Plutarco, ≪Elenchos≫, XVII (1996), pp. 121-142.
  17. - Frede 1999: Michael Frede, Stoic Epistemology, in Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld, Malcolm Schofield (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999, pp. 295-322.
  18. - Hankinson 1997: James Hankinson, Natural criteria and the transparency of judgement: Antiochus, Philo and Galen on epistemological justification, in Brad Inwood, Jaap Mansfeld (eds.), Assent and Argument. Studies in Cicero’s Academic Books, Brill, Leiden 1997, pp. 161-216.
  19. - Helmig 2013: Christoph Helmig, Forms and Concepts. Concept Formation in the Platonic Tradition, De Gruyter, Berlin 2012.
  20. - Moraux 2000: Paul Moraux, L’aristotelismo presso i Greci, vol. II, 2: L’aristotelismo nei non-aristotelici nei secoli I e II, trad. it. Vita e Pensiero, Milano 2000, pp. 197-198 (ed. or. 1984).
  21. - Opsomer 1998: Jan Opsomer, In Search of the Truth. Academic Tendencies in Middle Platonism, KWALSK, Bruxells 1998.
  22. - Riedweg 1987: Christoph Riedweg, Mysterienterminologie bei Platon, Philo und Klemens von Alexandrien, De Gruyter, Berlin 1987.
  23. - Schoppe 1994: Christoph Schoppe, Plutarchs Interpretation der Ideenlehre Platons, LIT, Munster 1994.
  24. - Schrenk 1991a: Lawrence P. Schrenk, A Middle Platonic Reading of Plato’s Theory of Recollection, ≪Ancient Philosophy≫, XI (1991), pp. 103-110.
  25. - Schrenk 1991b: Id., Faculties of Judgment in the Didaskalikos, ≪Mnemosyne≫, XLIV (1991), pp. 347-363.
  26. - Schrenk 1993: Id., The Middle Platonist reception of Aristotelian science, ≪Rheinisches Museum≫, CXXXVI (1993), pp. 342-359.
  27. - Scribano 2006: Emanuela Scribano, Angeli e beati. Modelli di conoscenza da Tommaso a Spinoza, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2006.
  28. - Sedley 1982: David Sedley, On Signs, in Jonathan Barnes, Jacques Brunschwig, Myles Burnyeat, Malcolm Schofield (eds.), Science and Speculation. Studies in Hellenistic theory and practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge-Paris 1982, pp. 239-272.
  29. - Sedley 1985: Id., The Stoic Theory of Universals, ≪The Southern Journal of Philosophy ≫, XXIII, suppl: Recovering the Stoics (1985), pp. 87-92.
  30. - Sedley 1996: Id., Alcinous’ epistemology, in Keimpe Algra, Pieter van der Horst, David Runia (eds.), Polyhistor. Studies in the History and Historiography of Ancient Philosophy presented to Jaap Mansfeld on his Sixtieth Birthday, Brill, Leiden 1996, pp. 300-312.
  31. - Sedley 2012: Id. (ed.), The Philosphy of Antiochus, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012.
  32. - Sedley 2013: Id., The theoretikos bios in Alcinous, in Thomas Benatouil, Mauro Bonazzi (eds.), Theoria, Praxis and the Contemplative Life after Plato and Aristotle, Brill, Leiden 2013, pp. 163-181. - Striker 1996: Gisela Striker, The problem of the criterion, in Ead., Essays in Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1996, pp. 150-165.
  33. - Szlezak 1997: Thomas Alexander Szlezak, Platone e Aristotele nella dottrina del Nous di Plotino, trad. it. Vita e Pensiero, Milano 1997.
  34. - Tarrant 2005: Harold Tarrant, Recollecting Plato’s Meno, Duckworth, London 2005.



  1. Federico M. Petrucci, A Discussion of M. Bonazzi, À la recherche des idées in Mnemosyne /2018 pp. 351, DOI: 10.1163/1568525X-12342294

Mauro Bonazzi, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 2/2015, pp. 339-357, DOI:10.3280/SF2015-002004

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche