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Benessere percepito in genitori di soggetti adulti con disabilità intellettive: risorse emotive e strategie di coping
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Donatella Scarzello 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2015 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  21 P. 26-46 Dimensione file:  101 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2015-002003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Un numero sempre crescente di adulti con disabilità intellettiva è assistito a casa dai genitori anziani, ma i dati sulla qualità di vita dei caregivers che si prendono cura di figli adulti sono ancora scarsi. L’obiettivo di questo studio è di identificare alcuni fattori di rischio e di protezione che influenzano la qualità di vita di tale tipologia di caregiver e di evidenziare le differenze tra madri e padri nei processi di fronteggiamento dello stress e di adattamento, analizzando benessere percepito, autoefficacia emotiva, sostegno sociale e strategie di coping nonché le relazioni reciproche tra queste variabili. La ricerca ha esaminato 32 coppie di coniugi, con un’età media di 67 anni, genitori di adulti con disabilità intellettive; ai soggetti sono stati somministrati i seguenti questionari self report: Satisfaction with Life Scale; Coping Inventory for Stressful Situation; Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support; Scala di Autoefficacia Percepita nella Gestione delle emozioni Negative; Scala di Autoefficacia nell’Espressione delle Emozioni Positive. I dati indicano che i padri riportano un livello di benessere maggiore rispetto alle madri; per entrambi i coniugi il livello di benessere è associato positivamente al sostegno sociale e negativamente all’età e al coping focalizzato sull’emozione e, esclusivamente per i padri, anche al coping orientato all’evitamento. Le convinzioni di autoefficacia sembrano giocare ruoli parzialmente differenti nella coppia.


Keywords: Benessere dei caregivers, sostegno sociale, autoefficacia, strategie di coping

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Donatella Scarzello, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2015, pp. 26-46, DOI:10.3280/PDS2015-002003

   

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