Click here to download

Domestic violence and pregnancy. Intimate partner violence consequences in prenatal and neonatal phases
Journal Title: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA 
Author/s: Alessandra Salerno 
Year:  2015 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  18 Pg. 37-54 FullText PDF:  107 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2015-002003
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Witnessing domestic violence, that is, witnessing any form of maltreatment on reference figures affectively significant for the child (CISMAI, 2005; Holden, 2003), can occur prenatally. Pregnancy has been recognized as a period of heightened risk for intimate partner violence (Holden, 2003); the fetus can thus be the direct target of an assault or suffer the consequences accidentally, starting from the effects of the psychological state of terror experienced by the mother. In addition, several studies show a secondary effect of this form of violence, due to the perception that mothers might have of the child's personality and temperament which are often expected to be negatively affected by the abuse she suffered during pregnancy (DeVoe & Smith, 2002). This paper is a review of national and international literature on the topic.
Keywords: Couple, intimate partner violence, pregnancy, maltreatment

  1. Charles, P., & Perreira, K. M. (2007). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and 1-year post-partum. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 609-619,
  2. CISMAI (2005). Documento sui requisiti minimi degli interventi nei casi di violenza assistita da maltrattamento sulle madri
  3. Cummings, E. M., El-Sheikh, M., Kouros, C. D., & Buckhalt, J. A. (2009). Children and violence: The role of children’s regulation in the marital aggressionchild adjustment link. Clinical Child and Family Psychological Review, 12, 3-15,, 10.1007/s10567-009-0042-7DOI: 10.1007/s10567-009-0042-7
  4. Akyüz, A., Yavan, T., Sahiner, G., & Kiliç, A. (2012). Domestic violence and woman’s reproductive health: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17, 514-518,, 10.1016/j.avb.2012.07.005DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2012.07.005
  5. Alhusen, J. L., Frohman, N., & Purcell, G. (2015). Intimate partner violence and suicidal ideation in pregnant women. Archives of Womens Mental Health, 10.1007/s00737-015-0515-2DOI: 10.1007/s00737-015-0515-2
  6. Amann Gainotti, M., & Schiavulli, P. (2008). Maltrattamenti e violenze in gravidanza: un aspetto sommerso della violenza di genere. Rivista di sessuologia clinica, XV, 2, 37-56.
  7. Ammaniti, M., Tambelli, R., Odorisio, F., D’Isidori, M., Vismara, L., & Mancone, A. (2002). Rappresentazioni mentali e modelli di attaccamento in donne in gravidanza con rischio depressivo e psicosociale. Infanzia e Adolescenza, 2, 97-112.
  8. Ammaniti, M., Speranza, A. M., Tambelli, R., Muscetta, S., Lucarelli, L., Vismara, L., Odorisio, F., & Cimino, S. (2006). A prevention and promotion intervention program in the field of mother-infant relationship. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27, 70-90,, 10.1002/imhj.20081DOI: 10.1002/imhj.20081
  9. Archer, J. (2002). Sex differences in physically aggressive acts between heterosexual partners: A meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 7, 3, 213-351.
  10. Audi, C. A., Corrêa, A. M., Latorre, M. R., & Santiago S. M. (2008). The association between domestic violence during pregnancy and low birth weight or prematurity. Journal de Pediatria, 84, 1, 60-67,, 10.2223/JPED.1744DOI: 10.2223/JPED.1744
  11. Bacchus, L., Mezey, G., & Bewley, S. (2006). A qualitative exploration of the nature of domestic violence in pregnancy. Violence against women, 12, 588-604,, 10.1177/1077801206289131DOI: 10.1177/1077801206289131
  12. Bailey, B. A. (2010). Partner violence during pregnancy: Prevalence, effects, screening, and management. International Journal of Womens Health, 2, 183-197,, 10.2147/IJWH.S8632DOI: 10.2147/IJWH.S8632
  13. Bailey, B. A., & Daugherty, R. A. (2007). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: Incidence and associated health behaviors in a rural population. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 11, 5, 495-503,, 10.1007/s10995-007-0191-6DOI: 10.1007/s10995-007-0191-6
  14. Bell, K., & Naugle, A. E. (2008). Intimate partner violence theoretical considerations: Moving towards a contextual framework. Clinical Psychological Review, 28, 1096-1107,, 10.1016/j.cpr.2008.03.003DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2008.03.003
  15. Biswas, A., Dalal, K., Rahman, F., & Deave, T. (2015). Intimate Partner Violence During Pregnancy and Victim’s Perception on Miscarriage. International Journal of Public Health Research, 3, 2, 58-63.
  16. Bowen, E., Heron, J., Waylen, A., & Wolke, D. (2005). Domestic violence risk during and after pregnancy: Findings from a British longitudinal study. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 112, 1083-1089,, 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2005.00653.xDOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2005.00653.x
  17. Chambliss, L. R. (2008). Intimate partner violence and its implication for pregnancy. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 51, 2, 385-397,, 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31816f29ceDOI: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31816f29ce
  18. DeVoe, E. R. & Smith, E. L. (2002). The impact of domestic violence on urban preschool children: Battered mothers’ perspectives. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17, 10, 1075-1101,, 10.1177/088626002236661DOI: 10.1177/088626002236661
  19. Devries, K. M., Kishor, S., Johnson, H., Stöckl, H., Bacchus, L. J., Garcia-Moreno, C., & Watts, C. (2010). Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: Analysis of prevalence data from 19 countries. Reproductive Health Matters, 18, 36, 158-170,, 10.1016/S0968-8080(10)36533-5.DOI: 10.1016/S0968-8080(10)36533-5.
  20. Faramarzi, M., Esmaelzadeh, S., & Mosavi, S. (2005). Prevalence, maternal complications and birth outcome of physical, sexual and emotional domestic violence during pregnancy. Acta Medica Iranica, 43, 2, 115-122.
  21. Flach, C., Leese, M., Heron, J., Evans, J., Feder, G., Sharp, D., & Howarda, L. M. (2011). Antenatal domestic violence, maternal mental health and subsequent child behaviour: A cohort study. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 118, 1383-1391,, 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03040.xDOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03040.x
  22. Fondazione Pangea Onlus (2014). Una barriera per fermare l’effetto domino della violenza domestica sui minori: esperienze e linee guida.
  23. Fried, L. E., Cabral, H., Amaro, H., & Aschengrau, A. (2008). Lifetime and during pregnancy experience of violence and the risk of low birth weight and preterm birth. Journal of Midwifery and Womens Health, 53, 6, 522-528,, 10.1016/j.jmwh.2008.07.018DOI: 10.1016/j.jmwh.2008.07.018
  24. Gilfus, M. E., Trabold, N., O’Brien, P., & Fleck-Henderson, A. (2010). Gender and Intimate partner violence: Evaluating the evidence. Journal of Social Work Education, 46, 2, 245-263,, 10.5175/JSWE.2010.200900019DOI: 10.5175/JSWE.2010.200900019
  25. Hellmuth, J. C., Coop Gordon, K., Stuart, G. L. & Moore, T. M. (2013). Risk factors for intimate partner violence during pregnancy and postpartum. Archives of Womens Mental Health, 16, 1, 19-27,, 10.1007/s00737-012-0309-8DOI: 10.1007/s00737-012-0309-8
  26. Holden, G. W. (2003). Children exposed to domestic violence and child abuse: Terminology and taxonomy. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 3, 151-160,, 10.1023/A:1024906315255DOI: 10.1023/A:1024906315255
  27. Holt, S., Buckley, H., & Whelan, S. (2008). The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and young people: A review of literature. Child Abuse and Neglect, 32, 797-810,, 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.02.004DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.02.004
  28. Huth-Bocks, A. C., Levendosky, A. A., Theran, S. A., & Bogat, G. A. (2004). The impact of domestic violence on mother’s prenatal representations of their infants. Infant Mental Health Journal, 25, 2, 79-98,, 10.1002/imhj.10094DOI: 10.1002/imhj.10094
  29. ISTAT (2007) La violenza contro le donne (Jasinski, J. A. (2004). Pregnancy and domestic violence. A review of the literature. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 5, 1, 47-64,, 10.1177/1524838003259322DOI: 10.1177/1524838003259322
  30. Johnson, M. P. (2006). Conflict and Control: Gender symmetry and asymmetry in domestic violence. Violence Against Women, 12, 11, 1003-1018,, 10.1177/1077801206293328DOI: 10.1177/1077801206293328
  31. Kar, H. L., & O’Leary, K. D. (2010). Gender Symmetry or Asymmetry in Intimate Partner Victimization? Not an Either/Or Answer. Partner Abuse, 1, 2, 153-168,, 10.1891/1946–6560.1.2.152DOI: 10.1891/1946–6560.1.2.152
  32. Kim, S. (2015). Book review: Sandra A. Graham-Bermann and Alytia A. Levendosky (Eds.), How Intimate Partner Violence Affects Children: Developmental Research, Case Studies, and Evidence-Based Intervention. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 44, 765-768,, 10.1007/s10964-014-0237-1DOI: 10.1007/s10964-014-0237-1
  33. Klevens, J., Kee, R., Trick, W., Garcia, D., Angulo, F. R., Jones, R., & Sadowski, L. S. (2012). Effect of screening for partner violence on women’s quality of life: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of American Medical Association, 308, 681-689,, 10.1001/jama.2012.6434DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.6434
  34. Lannert, B. K., Levendosky, A. A., & Bogat., G. A. (2013). The interaction of maternal personality traits and intimate partner violence as influences on maternal representations. Infant Mental Health Journal, 34, 3, 222-233,, 10.1002/imhj.21385DOI: 10.1002/imhj.21385
  35. Lapierre, S. (2008). Mothering in the context of domestic violence: The pervasiveness of a deficit model of mothering. Child & Family Social Work, 13, 454-463,, 10.1111/j.1365-2206.2008.00563.xDOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2206.2008.00563.x
  36. Levendosky, A. A., Bogat, G. A., Huth-Bocks, A. C., Rosenblum, K., & von Eye, A. (2011). The effects of domestic violence on the stability of attachment from infancy to preschool. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40, 3, 398-410,, 10.1080/15374416.2011.563460DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2011.563460
  37. Levendosky, A. A., Lannert, B., & Yalch, M. (2012). The effects of intimate partner violence on women and child survivors: An attachment perspective. Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 40, 3, 397-434,, 10.1521/pdps.2012.40.3.397DOI: 10.1521/pdps.2012.40.3.397
  38. Ludermir, A. B., Lewis, G., Valongueiro, S. A., Barreto de Araújo, T. V., & Araya, R. (2010). Violence against women by their intimate partner during pregnancy and postnatal depression: A prospective cohort study. The Lancet, 376, 903-910., 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60887-2DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60887-2
  39. Martin, S. L., Harris-Britt, A., Li, Y., Moracco, K. E., Kupper, L. L., & Campbell, J. C. (2004). Changes in intimate partner violence during pregnancy. Journal of Family Violence, 19, 4, 201-210.
  40. Martin, S. L., Li, Y., Casanueva, C., Harris-Britt, A., Kupper, L. L., & Cloutier, S. (2006). Intimate partner violence and women’s depression before and during pregnancy. Violence against women, 12, 3, 221-239,, 10.1177/1077801205285106DOI: 10.1177/1077801205285106
  41. Murphy, C. C., Schei, B., Myhr, T. L., & Du Mont, J. (2001). Abuse: a risk factor for low birth weight? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 164, 11, 1567-1572.
  42. Olaya, B., Ezpeleta, L., de la Osa, N., Granero, R., & Doménech, J. M. (2010).
  43. Mental health needs of children exposed to intimate partner violence seeking help from mental health services. Children and Youth Services Review, 32, 1004-1011,, 10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.03.028DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.03.028
  44. Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità (OMS) (2002). Violenza e salute nel mondo. Rapporto dell’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità, Milano: CIS Editore
  45. Rizo, C. F., Macy, R. J., Ermentrout, D. M., & Johns, N. B. (2011). A review of family interventions for intimate partner violence with a child focus or child component. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 16, 144-166,, 10.1016/j.avb.2011.02.004DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2011.02.004
  46. Salerno, A. (2013). Apprendere la violenza. Effetti della violenza domestica sullo sviluppo di bambini e adolescenti. Psicologia di comunità (Legami familiari violenti e prospettive di comunità), IX, 2, 15-22.
  47. Salerno, A. (2014). La violenza intorno. IPV, pratiche di parenting e fattori di resilienza. In M. Garro & A. Salerno (a cura di), Oltre il legame. Genitori e figli nei nuovi scenari familiari (pp. 141-156). Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  48. Salerno, A., & Giuliano, S. (2012). La violenza indicibile. L’aggressività femminile nelle relazioni interpersonali. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  49. Salerno, A., & Merenda, A. (2013). Exposure to violence and intergenerational transmission of intimate partner violence. An excursus on the consequences on the development and relationships of children and adolescents. Interdisciplinary Journal of Family Studies, 2, 45-63.
  50. Salerno, A., & Sarrica, F. (2012). Trasmissione intergenerazionale della violenza e intervento clinico. In A. Salerno & S. Giuliano (a cura di), La violenza indicibile. L’aggressività femminile nelle relazioni interpersonali (pp. 71-94). Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  51. Save the Children (2011), Spettatori e Vittime: i minori e la violenza assistita in ambito domestico. Analisi dell’efficienza del sistema di protezione in Italia
  52. Stark, E. (2010). Do violent acts equal abuse? Resolving the gender parity/ asymmetry dilemma. Sex Roles, 62, 201-211,, 10.1007/s11199-009-9717-2DOI: 10.1007/s11199-009-9717-2
  53. Stern, D. (1995). Motherhood constellation: A unified view of parent-infant psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books (trad.it.: La costellazione materna. Il trattamento psicoterapeutico della coppia madre bambino, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1995).
  54. Ta Park, V. M., Hayes, D. K., & Humphreys, J. (2014). Disparities in Intimate Partner Violence Prenatal Counseling: Setting a Baseline for the Implementation of the Guidelines for Women’s Preventive Services. Hawai’i Journal of Medicine & Public Health, 73, 5, 137-143.
  55. Yost, N. P., Bloom, S. L., McIntire, D. D., & Leveno, K. J. (2005). A prospective observational study of domestic violence during pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 106, 1, 61-65,, 10.1097/01.AOG.0000164468.06070.2aDOI: 10.1097/01.AOG.0000164468.06070.2a

Alessandra Salerno, Domestic violence and pregnancy. Intimate partner violence consequences in prenatal and neonatal phases in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 2/2015, pp. 37-54, DOI:10.3280/MAL2015-002003

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content