The object of the present article is the ‘third dilemma’ of equal versus special treatment and its organizational dimension, arising in the relationship between the Union and migrant workers. In particular, the author attempts to contribute to a better understanding of how the union incorporates migrants within its own structures. Drawing on two different strands of literature on workers’ unions (one focusing on the union as an organization; another focusing on the relationship between migrants and unions), three ideal-types of organizational responses to the issue of inclusion and integration of migrants within workers’ unions are identified. On the basis of the adopted theoretical framework, the author exposes an analysis of empirical data that were collected throughout a qualitative research on an Italian union confederation, the Cgil. The aim of the research is to understand the characteristics of the organizational responses which govern migrants’ inclusion and integration within the Cgil.
Keywords: Migrants, trade union, union dilemmas, organizational response, Cgil.