This article deals with a socio-historical approach of "second generations" in France, a country which has a long story of immigration, but which has refused this historical past for a long time. Two tools of comprehension are used: intersectionnality of belongings which puts all elements of them in competition (Arab, Muslim, French, segregated in poor districts). But work has ceased to be a n identity of recognition. Transnationality, which crosses the frontiers and the walls through identity and plural relations. After an historical perspective of the phenomenon "second generations" in France, the article examines the various factors of identification which are competing together.
Keywords: Second generations, maghrebian immigration, France, Muslims, identity, discriminations; exclusion, citizenship, integration