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Correlati neuropsicologici e di neuroimaging del maltrattamento e dell’abuso infantili
Titolo Rivista: MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA 
Autori/Curatori: Marco Cavallo, Arianna Signorino 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2015 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 11-33 Dimensione file:  130 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MAL2015-003002
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Il maltrattamento infantile influenza negativamente lo sviluppo sociale, emotivo e cognitivo del bambino. Oltre alle ben note sequele psicopatologiche, in anni recenti si sono iniziate a indagare le conseguenze del maltrattamento sullo sviluppo cerebrale e sulle funzioni neuropsicologiche, che possono condurre a performance scolastiche e professionali non soddisfacenti. Le evidenze scientifiche oggi disponibili, per quanto preliminari, suggeriscono che i sistemi di risposta allo stress giochino un ruolo di primo piano. L’esperienza del maltrattamento sembra attivare una risposta anormale allo stress, che interferisce con il fisiologico sviluppo di aree dell’encefalo più vulnerabili a stimoli stressogeni, quali il sistema limbico, la corteccia prefrontale e la sostanza bianca. Tali modificazioni cerebrali si ripercuotono negativamente su diversi domini cognitivi. Accanto all’imprescindibile dimensione relazionale, la recente evidenza scientifica suggerisce, pertanto, un’attenta considerazione anche delle dimensioni neuropsicologica e neurobiologica, al fine di condurre un’accurata indagine diagnostica e realizzare interventi terapeutici efficaci.


Keywords: Bambino, maltrattamento infantile, cervello, neuroimaging, neuropsicologia

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  1. Luana La Marca, Andrea Scalabrini, Clara Mucci, Adriano Schimmenti, Le memorie traumatiche e il corpo: uno studio su maltrattamento infantile, consapevolezza interocettiva e sintomi somatici in MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL'INFANZIA 3/2018 pp. 47, DOI: 10.3280/MAL2018-003004

Marco Cavallo, Arianna Signorino, in "MALTRATTAMENTO E ABUSO ALL’INFANZIA" 3/2015, pp. 11-33, DOI:10.3280/MAL2015-003002

   

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