This article addresses the problems and the reasons behind the demands for introducing kadhi’s courts into the Constitution of Tanzania, which is currently being revised. The Constitutional Review Commission has been working on a new text since 2012. Analysis of the issue allows the author to highlight some aspects - from a legal, political and social point of view - of Tanzanian society. They concern the cohabitation of different ethnocultural identities and religious groups in the country: elements in transition, which could also help European society to reflect on the multiculturalism it is experiencing.
Keywords: United Republic of Tanzania; Kadhi’s courts; Constitutional Review; Religion and politics; Religious pluralism; Law and religion