Click here to download

Migrants’ Return and Reintegration: Through the lens of Migration Cycles
Journal Title: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Author/s: Jean-Pierre Cassarino 
Year:  2015 Issue: Language: French 
Pages:  17 Pg. 105-121 FullText PDF:  66 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2015-003006
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

Never before have the analysis of return migrants’ manifold patterns of reintegration and the study of their migration cycles been relevant to current policy developments. This article aims to demonstrate that a continuum exists between return migrants’ propensity to reintegrate and the completeness of their migration cycles, and vice versa. To begin with, a new reflection is introduced by the author while drawing on substantial academic writings across disciplines. Then, on the basis of a comparative field survey based on face-to-face interviews with return migrants in Armenia, Mali and Tunisia, this article sets out to show that the completeness of a migration cycle represents a significant explanatory variable in the analysis of return migrants’ varying levels of reintegration. Finally, the policy implications of the research findings are detailed in the conclusive remarks.
Keywords: Return migration; reintegration; field survey; return policies; Armenia; Mali; Tunisia

  1. Allen T. & Hubert Morsink, eds. (1994). When Refugees Go Home. London: Unrisd, James Currey.
  2. Black R. and Koser K., eds. (1999). The End of the Refugee Cycle? Refugee Repatriation and Reconstruction. New York: Berghahn Books.
  3. Boyd M. (1989). Family and personal networks in international migration: recent developments and new agendas. International Migration Review, 23, 3: 638-670;, 10.2307/2546433.DOI: 10.2307/2546433.
  4. Cassarino J.-P., ed. (2008). Conditions of Modern Return Migrants. InternationalJournal on Multicultural Societies, 10, 2 Special Issue. http://unesdoc.unesco. org/images/0018/001812/181209E.pdf .
  5. Cassarino J.-P. (2004). Theorising Return Migration: The Conceptual Approach to Return Migrants Revisited. International Journal on Multicultural Societies, 6, 2: 253-279. Issn 1817-4574.
  6. Cassarino J.-P. (2000). Tunisian New Entrepreneurs and their Past Experience of Migration in Europe: Networks, Resource Mobilisation, and Hidden Disaffection. London: Ashgate Publishers.
  7. Cervantes M. et Guellec D. (2002). The Brain Drain: Old Myths, New Realities. Oecd Observer. Paris.
  8. Commission Européenne (2007). Communication relative aux migrations circulaires et aux partenariats pour la mobilité entre l’Union européenne et les pays tiers. Com (2007) 248 final, Bruxelles.
  9. Commission Européenne (2005). Proposition de directive du Parlement européen et du Conseil relative aux normes et procédures communes applicables dans les États membres au retour des ressortissants de pays tiers en séjour irrégulier. Com (2005) 391 final, Bruxelles.
  10. De Bree J. (2008). Return Migration to Afghanistan: Monitoring the Embeddedness of Returnees. Nijmegen: Radboud University, Cidin.
  11. European Council (2002). Proposal for a Return Action Programme, 14673/02. Brussels.
  12. Galor O. et Stark O. (1990). Migrants' Savings, the Probability of Return Migration and Migrants' Performance. International Economic Review, 31, 2: 463-67.
  13. Glaser W.A. et Habers G.H. (1974). The Migration and Return of Professionals. International Migration Review, 8, 2: 227-244;, 10.2307/3002782DOI: 10.2307/3002782
  14. Iredale R. et Fei Guo (2001). The Transforming Role of Skilled and Business Returnees: Taiwan, China and Bangladesh. Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies. Wollongong: University of Wollongong.
  15. King R., ed. (1986). Return Migration and Regional Economic Problems. London: Croom Helm.
  16. King R., Strachan A. et Mortimer J. (1983). Return Migration: a Review of the Literature. Discussion Papers in Geography, 19. Oxford: Oxford Polytechnic.
  17. Koser K. et Black R. (1999). The End of the Refugee Cycle?. In: Black R. and Koser K., eds., cit.
  18. Kubat D., ed. (1984). The Politics of Return: International Return Migration in Europe. New York: Centre for Migration Studies.
  19. Kushminder K. (2014). Female Return Migration and Reintegration Strategies in Ethiopia. PhD thesis, (unpublished manuscript). Maastricht: Maastricht Graduate School of Governance.
  20. Lowell B.L. (2001). Policy Responses to the International Mobility of Skilled Labour. Geneva: International Migration Branch, International Labour Organisation.
  21. McCormick B. et Wahba J. (2003). Return International Migration and Geographic Inequality: The Case of Egypt. Journal of African Economies, 12, 4: 500-532;, 10.1093/jae/12.4.500DOI: 10.1093/jae/12.4.500
  22. McLaughan G. et Salt J. (2002). Migration Policies towards Highly Skilled Foreign Workers. Migration Research Unit. London: University College London.
  23. Stark O. (1996). On the Microeconomics of Return Migration. Occasional Papers 1/1996. Vienna: University of Vienna, Ziis.
  24. Sward J. (2009). Assisted Voluntary Return (Avr): An Opportunity for Development?. Briefing note, 20. Sussex: Drc on Migration, Globalisation & Poverty, Sussex University.
  25. Thorn K. et Lauritz B. Holm-Nielsen (2006). International Mobility of Researchers and Scientists: Policy options for turning a drain into a gain. Unu- Wider Research Paper n. 2006/83, World Institute for Development Economics Research.
  26. Van Houte M. et de Koning M. (2008). Towards a Better Embeddedness? Monitoring Assistance to Involuntary Returning Migrants from Western Countries. Nijmegen: Radboud University: Cidin.
  27. Vertovec S. (2002). Transnational Networks and Skilled Labour Migration. Oxford: Esrc University of Oxford.
  28. Wickramasekara P. (2003). Perspectives on Labour Migration series 5E. Geneva: International Labour Organisation

Jean-Pierre Cassarino, Migrants’ Return and Reintegration: Through the lens of Migration Cycles in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 3/2015, pp. 105-121, DOI:10.3280/MM2015-003006


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content