Clicca qui per scaricare

The fight against climate change: some proposals for action for Italy in Europe
Titolo Rivista: ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 
Autori/Curatori: Luigi De Paoli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2015 Fascicolo: Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 9-27 Dimensione file:  211 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EFE2015-001002
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


The goal of this article is to formulate some proposals to reduce CO2 emissions with efficient and effective policies. After presenting three possible ways that countries can follow to define their policies for combating climate change, the article discusses the tools available to implement these policies. It then reviews the reasons why it would be preferable to set centrally the carbon price rather than limit the amount of emissions and let the market setting the price. On the basis of these considerations some concrete proposals for the policy of combating climate change in Italy and the EU are formulated. It is proposed that Italy re-introduces a carbon tax, called "climate contribution" and defines its evolution in a coordinated manner with the price of ETS emission permits. To make prices of the permits more stable and predictable, it is proposed to reform of the EU ETS by introducing a floor price rather than a market stability reserve. In addition to make the European climate policy more effective and rational, it is proposed that the floor price of emission permits is fixed in such a way that within a decade it is no longer convenient to use coal in electricity production (unless in this period the carbon capture and storage becomes competitive).


Keywords: International climate policy, climate change, carbon tax, prices versus quantities, EU ETS
Jel Code: Q54, Q58, Q48, H23, H41

  1. Arrow K. (2007). Global Climate Change: A Challenge to Policy. The Economists’ Voice. www.bepress.com/ev.
  2. Bowen A. (2015). Carbon pricing: how best to use the revenue? Policy Brief, November: 25.
  3. Cramton P., Ockenfels A. and Stoft S. (2015), An international Carbon-Price Commitment Promotes Cooperation. Economics of Energy and Environmental Policy, 4(2)., DOI: 10.5547/2160-5890.4.2.aock
  4. Crocker T.D. (1966). The Structuring of Atmospheric Pollution Control Systems. In Harold Wolozin (ed.). The Economics of Air Pollution. New York: W.W. Norton.
  5. Dales J.H. (1968). Pollution, Property & Prices: An Essay in Policy-making and Economics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. vii, 111.
  6. Dinan T. (2012). Offsetting a Carbon Tax’s Costs on Low-Income Households. Working paper, 2012-16, www.cbo.gov/publications/43713.
  7. European Council:
  8. EC (2007). Presidency Conclusions of the Brussels European Council (8/9 March 2007), 7224/1/07.
  9. EC (2014). Conclusions on 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, 23 October 2014, SN 79/14.
  10. European Commission:
  11. COM(2011) 112 final, A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050, 25.5.2011.
  12. COM(2011) 168 final, Smarter energy taxation for the EU: proposal for a revision of the Energy Taxation Directive, 13.4.2011.
  13. COM(2011) 885 final, Energy Roadmap 2050, 15.12.2011.
  14. COM(2014) 15 final, A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from 2020 to 2030, 22.1.2014.
  15. COM(2014) 910, Commission Work Programme 2015: A New Start, Annex II: List of withdrawals or modifications of pending proposals, 16.12.2014.
  16. SEC(2011) 1565 final, Impact assessment accompanying the document: Energy Roadmap 2050, 15.12.2011.
  17. EEA (2015). Overview of reported national policies and measures on climate change mitigation in Europe in 2015. EEA Technical Report No 21/2015.
  18. Elbeze J. and de Perthuis C. (2011). Vingt ans de taxation du carbone en Europe: les leçons de l’expérience. Cahiers de la Chaire d’Economie du Climat, 9: 40.
  19. Gloaguen O. and Alberola E. (2013). Assessing the factors behind CO2 emissions changes over the phases 1 and 2 of the EU ETS: an econometric analysis. CDC Climate Research, Working Paper 2013-15.
  20. Gollier C. and Tirole J. (2015). Negotiating Effective Institutions Against Climate Change. Discussion Paper 15-72. Cambridge (MA): Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, June.
  21. Indian Gov. (2015). India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution: Working Toward Climate Justice, http://www4.unfccc.int/submissions/INDC/Published%20Documents/India/1/INDIA%20INDC%20TO%20UNFCCC.pdf.
  22. IPCC (2014). Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers. www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/syr/AR5_SYR_FINAL_SPM.pdf.
  23. Jaeger C. and Jaeger J. (2010). Three views of two degrees. Reg Environ Change (2011) 11 (Suppl 1): S15-S26., DOI: 10.1007/s10113-010-0190-9
  24. Jenkins J.D. (2014). Political economy constraints on carbon pricing policies: What are the implications for economic efficiency, environmental efficacy, and climate policy design? Energy Policy, 69: 467-477., DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.02.003
  25. NOAA (2015). State of the Climate: Global Analysis, http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/201511.
  26. OECD (2013). Climate and carbon: Aligning prices and policies. OECD Policy paper No. 1, October.
  27. US Government (2013). Technical Update of the Social Cost of Carbon for Regulatory Impact Analysis Under Executive Order 12866, May, p. 21.
  28. Weitzman M.L. (2015). “Voting on Prices vs. Voting on Quantities in a World Climate Assembly”, Working Paper, January, http://scholar.harvard.edu/files/weitzman/files/2015.voting.prices.vs_quantities.pdf?m=1422297063.



  1. Lucia Rotaris, Ready for a Carbon Tax? An Explorative Analysis of University Studentss Preferences in SSRN Electronic Journal /2017 pp. , DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3089643
  2. Andrea Molocchi, Emanuela Recchini, Angelica Tudini, Polluter Pays Principle in power production to gradually phase-out fossil fuels in Italy in ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 1/2019 pp. 203, DOI: 10.3280/EFE2019-001013

Luigi De Paoli, in "ECONOMICS AND POLICY OF ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT" 1/2015, pp. 9-27, DOI:10.3280/EFE2015-001002

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche