In relation to the objectives of ‘Europe 2020’, the European Union has decided to innovate its approach to the European multi-level governance (mlg) of European territorial co-operation. To this end, the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (Eusbsr) came into being in 2009, followed in 2011 by the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (Eusdr). Recently the European Council resolved to create two additional macro-regional strategies, the Adriatic-Ionian and the Alpine, which involve some Italian Regions. This is an interesting and innovative approach, which nevertheless empirically confirms the limits of European multi-level governance, in terms of the prevalence of top-down over bottom-up dynamics.
Keywords: EU macro-regional strategies; multi-level governance (mlg); European territorial co-operation.
Jel Code: H10, H11.