This article is a part of a broader research on the Jewish families’ social and political paths of integration in Milan between the Unification and the anti-Semitic Laws. Starting from a biographical case-study, it draws on a sample of personal dossiers submitted by Milanese Jews to the General Directorate for demography and race, in order to obtain the so-called "discrimination". This specific ruling was introduced by the fascist anti-Semitic legislation in Autumn 1938 and provided some slight dispensations for those who could chaim special merits and prove their devotion to the nation. As a symbol of the Jews’ faith in a nation that, even with ambivalences, had granted them the juridical emancipation, the personal narratives contained in the application letters enable us to investigate the conflict that arose in 1938 between a racial model of citizenship and a volontaristic one, based on an active participation in the national history. This conflict opposed Jewish people to the Regime, but at the same time it shed light on Italian Jewry’s internal differences.
Keywords: Fascist anti-Semitic Legislation, "Discrimination", Citizenship, Autobiography, 1938.