Maternal sensitivity is the caregiver’s ability to understand, detect and interpreter the child’s physical and psychological signals in order to provide a proper and attuned response to his/her needs. The present review article aimed at drawing the route of the last thirty-five years of literature which provided a more complex understanding of the disorders occurring within the mother-baby dyad. Special attention has been paid to the analysis of contexts of poor sensitivity and to the psychopathological and neurophysiological outcomes related to the child development. Recent studies highlighted the use of an interdisciplinary approach, suggesting a more complex and comprehensive picture of both the role and the clinical implications of maternal sensitivity.
Keywords: Sensitivity, attachment, caregiving, mother-baby dyad, maltreatment