The culture throughout the years has been to refer to a product of the interaction of society, to be a key success factor in organizations activity. The importance of this concept for an organization is the transmission of values and philosophies, socialization of its members, staff motivation, cohesion and commitment to important goals. The aim of this study is to analyze aspects of organizational culture building on the perception of teachers in Spanish schools. We performed a study on variables related to organizational culture drawing on the Icoe inventory, based on a sample of 52 schools and 661 teachers. The statistical analyses, the factor analysis and Anova are perfomed through SPSS 21. The results obtained indicate that teachers perceive their center’s organizational culture quite positive and homogeneaous, feeling a good social environment, communication, relationships and integration, work commitment, impartiality, equity and recognition. The existence of differences in scores by type of center and episodic knowledge of severe physical or verbal violence. By contrasts, they are less significant in terms of age and experience, the size of the center, gender and type of population. Learning a center’s culture starting from participants’ perceptions, gives us an approximate idea of what is ideologically shared about a center and, this analysis helps us to reflect on the strength or weakness of the existing culture in schools to address the challenges of education in today’s society.
Keywords: School organization, beliefs, organizational culture, secondary education.