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I rifugiati siriani sulle rotte via mare verso la Grecia. Riflessioni sul transito e sullo svuotamento del diritto d’asilo
Titolo Rivista: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Autori/Curatori: Chiara Denaro 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: 1  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 97-119 Dimensione file:  96 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2016-001006
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Nel quadro dell’evoluzione delle rotte migratorie via mare, avvenuta a cavallo tra 2011 e 2015 nello spazio Mediterraneo e della nuova centralità del corridoio orientale, il presente articolo si focalizza sul confine Greco-Turco inteso quale meccanismo di ‘inclusione differenziale’ (Mezzadra e Neilson, 2013). La configurazione della Grecia quale luogo di transito nella cosiddetta ‘rotta balcanica’, che prevede l’attraversamento di Macedonia, Serbia e Ungheria, e Austria al fine di raggiungere la Germania o di proseguire verso la Svezia viene letta alla luce della sua manifesta inadeguatezza come ‘paese di asilo’, già constatata dalla Corte Europea dei Diritti dell’Uomo nel 2011 e nel 2014. Nel presente articolo, a partire dall’interpretazione del diritto di asilo quale ‘porta d’accesso’ ad altri diritti civili, politici e sociali e dalla constatazione del suo progressivo "svuotamento" (Sciurba, 2014), si analizza il suo contenuto in alcuni luoghi di frontiera. Esso viene concettualizzato in termini di accesso al territorio, accesso alla procedura e allo status, accesso alla prima accoglienza. L’articolo si conclude con una riflessione sul transito dei rifugiati siriani attraverso l’Europa, che prende forma attraverso percorsi di empowerment e di resistenza, e appare fortemente legato al processo di svuotamento del diritto di asilo.


Keywords: Asilo politico, Grecia, rotte migratorie, transito, agency, rifugiati siriani.

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Chiara Denaro, in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2016, pp. 97-119, DOI:10.3280/MM2016-001006

   

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