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The National Innovation Systems of Southern Europe
Author/s: Davide Donatiello, Francesco Ramella 
Year:  2016 Issue: 143 Language: Italian 
Pages:  15 Pg. 42-56 FullText PDF:  142 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2016-143003
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In this paper the authors analyse and compare the National Innovation Systems of the three main Southern European countries: Italy, Portugal and Spain. The specific characteristics of these three contexts are described on the one hand considering the capacity to develop economic innovation and on the other hand taking into account institutional assets and the regulation of economic activities. From the point of view of the innovative performance these three countries are weak and show some common traits belonging to a typical model of Southern Europe: in fact, according to reports from the Innovation Union Scoreboard, all three countries are classified as "Moderate Innovators" in consequence of the fact that their performances are below the average of the EU members and of the most advanced countries. Moreover, if we look at the opportunities framework defined by regulatory and institutional systems at the national level, Italy, Portugal and Spain share other structural elements of weaknesses: lack of public goods for innovation, sub-specialization in high-tech sectors, low levels of per capita expenditure in research and training, public-centered orientation with respect to investment in innovative projects, loose interconnections between different actors of the system
Keywords: National Innovation Systems, Economic innovation, Southern Europe, Moderate Innovators

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Davide Donatiello, Francesco Ramella, The National Innovation Systems of Southern Europe in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 143/2016, pp. 42-56, DOI:10.3280/SL2016-143003


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