Click here to download

The impact of employer’s choices on working conditions and inequalities: vertical disintegration, outsourcing and subcontracting
Author/s: Lisa Dorigatti, Anna Mori 
Year:  2016 Issue: 144 Language: Italian 
Pages:  15 Pg. 190-204 FullText PDF:  100 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2016-144012
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

The increasing segmentation of the labour market and the growth of differences between insiders and outsiders has been a major concern for the academic literature and, more recently, the public debate. Rarely, however, the driving forces determining such phenomena have been analysed or questioned. In particular, the role of employers’ strategies in producing segmentation has been substantially neglected. Still, corporate practices such as vertical disintegration have been strongly associated with the growth of bad jobs and of insider/outsider divides. This paper discusses these issues exploring how the organisational practices of organisations from the public and private sector have contributed to produce inequalities among the workforce involved in their activities. Thereby we will argue that it is necessary to place employers’ strategies into the debate on inequalities and labour market segmentation and that policies targeted to improve job quality and reduce bad jobs should focus not only on the supply side of the labour market, but also on the demand side.
Keywords: Vertical disintegration, inequalities, employers, working conditions

  1. Palier B., Thelen K. (2010). Institutionalizing Dualism: Complementarities and Change in France and Germany. Politics & Society, 38(1): 119-148
  2. Appay B. (1998). Economic Concentration and the Externalization of Labour. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 19(1): 161-184.
  3. Appelbaum E., Bernhardt A., Murnane R.J., a cura di (2003). Low-wage America: How Employers are Reshaping Opportunity in the Workplace. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  4. Barbera M. (2010). Trasformazione della figura del datore di lavoro e flessibilizzazione delle regole del diritto. Giornale di diritto del lavoro e di relazioni industriali, 126(2): 203-255.
  5. Crouch C. (2015). Labour market governance and the creation of outsiders. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 53(1): 27-48.
  6. Crouch C., Keune M. (2012). The governance of economic uncertainty: beyond the ‘new social risks’ analysis. Working paper 2012.03. ETUI: Brussels.
  7. Doellgast V., Greer I. (2007). Vertical Disintegration and the Disorganisation of German Industrial Relations. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 45(1): 55-76.
  8. Doellgast V., Batt R., Sørensen O.H. (2009). Introduction: Institutional Change and Labour Market Segmentation in European Call Centres. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 15(4): 349-371.
  9. Doellgast V., Sarmiento-Mirwaldt K., Benassi C. (2016). Contesting firm boundaries: Institutions, cost structures and the politics of externalization. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.
  10. Flecker J. (2009). Outsourcing, Spatial Relocation and the Fragmentation of Employment. Competition&Change, 13(3): 251-266.
  11. Gautié J., Schmidt J. (2010). Low-Wage Work in the Wealthy World. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  12. Grimshaw D., Rubery J. (1998). Integrating the internal and external labour markets. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 22(2): 199-220.
  13. Holst H. (2014). Commodifying institutions’: vertical disintegration and institutional change in German labour relations. Work Employment and Society, 28(1): 3-20.
  14. Jaehrling K., Méhaut P. (2013). ‘Varieties of Institutional Avoidance’: Employers’ Strategies in Low-Waged Service Sector Occupations in France and Germany. Socio-Economic Review, 11: 687-710.
  15. Kalleberg A.L. (2011). Good jobs, bad jobs: the rise of polarized and precarious employment systems in the United States, 1970s to 2000s. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  16. Marchington M., Grimshaw D., Rubery J., Willmott H., a cura di (2005). Fragmenting Work. Blurring Organisational Boudaries and Disordering Hierarchies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  17. OECD (2011), Divided we stand: Why inequality keeps rising.
  18. Perraudin C., Petit H., Thevenot N., Tinel B., Valentin J. (2013). Inter-firm dependency and employment inequalities: theoretical hypotheses and empirical tests. CES working paper 2009.19. Pollitt C., Bouckaert G. (2011), Public Management Reform. A Comparative Analysis – New Public Management, Governance, and the Neo-Weberian State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  19. Rubery J. (2007). Developing segmentation theory: a thirty year perspective. Économies et Sociétés, 28(6): 941-964.
  20. Wagner I. (2015). Rule enactment in a pan-European labour market: transnational posted workers in the German construction sector. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 53(4): 692-710.

Lisa Dorigatti, Anna Mori, The impact of employer’s choices on working conditions and inequalities: vertical disintegration, outsourcing and subcontracting in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 144/2016, pp. 190-204, DOI:10.3280/SL2016-144012


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content