Very Early (VEOS) and Early Onset Schizophrenia (EOS) represent more severe forms of the disorder, with clear differences from Adult Onset Schizophrenia (AOS). Indeed, VEOS/EOS, compared to AOS, show higher rates of premorbid abnormalities, longer duration of untreated psychosis, and poorer outcomes. Moreover, higher levels of auditory hallucinations, negative symptoms, bizarre behavior and more severe cognitive deficits characterize VEOS/EOS. In addition, because the onset of the disorder occurs during a critical developmental period, individuals with VEOS/EOS are restricted in the attainment of developmental and social milestones. They are subsequently subjected to additional interruptions in education, employment, and peer relationships, which further complicated recovery. Overall, because individuals with VEOS/EOS have specific developmental issues that are very different from those of individuals with AOS, better-designed interventions that are tailored to this age group and account for their developmental differences are needed.
Keywords: Early onset schizophrenia, Clinical Staging Model, cognitive-behavioral therapy
Maria Pontillo, Marco Armando, Milena Coletti, Ornella Santonastaso, Stefano Vicari, Very Early and Early Onset Schizophrenia: Clinical characteristics and implications for interventions in "QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA" 39/2016, pp. 25-41, DOI:10.3280/QPC2016-039003