Click here to download

Becoming an EU citizen through Italy: the experience of Albanian immigrants
Journal Title: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Author/s: Sonila Danaj, Erka Çaro 
Year:  2016 Issue: Language: English 
Pages:  14 Pg. 95-108 FullText PDF:  182 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2016-003007
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The article explores the experience of becoming Italian citizens and by extension European Union (EU) citizens among Albanian migrants in Italy. It analyzes Albanian migrants’ reasons for applying for citizenship, how it affects their status, access to social rights, labor market, and identity. It also focuses on the effects of an EU member state citizenship in the lives, work trajectories, and future prospects for further mobility of these migrants. The empirical data indicate that Albanian migrants have been oriented towards naturalization through which they experience empowerment and agency, and feel more secure to navigate the Italian labor market and society. The awareness of the EU citizenship, among Albanian migrants, as a derivative of the Italian one has increased during the naturalization process mainly as the result of the impact of the economic crisis on the Italian labor market and their position as workers. Italian citizenship, thus, becomes a strategy for further integration and, in case of necessity, of further mobility.
Keywords: Italy, naturalization, EU citizenship, Albanian immigrants, labor market, economic crisis.

  1. Alba R.D. & Nee V. (2003). Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and the New Immigration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  2. Anderson B. (2013). Us and them? The dangerous politics of immigration control. Oxford: Oup.
  3. Andreouli E. & Howarth C. (2013). National identity, citizenship and immigration: Putting identity in context. Journal for the theory of social behaviour, 43, 3, 361-382;
  4. Baldi G. & Goodman S.W. (2015). Migrants into Members: Social Rights, Civic Requirements, and Citizenship in Western Europe, West European Politics;, DOI: 10.1080/01402382.2015.1041237
  5. Bauböck R. (2014). Three Levels of Citizenship within the European Union, The German Law Journal, 15, 751.
  6. Bauböck R. (2010). Studying citizenship constellations. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36, 5, 847-859;, DOI: 10.1080/13691831003764375
  7. Bloch A. (2000). A new era or more of the same? Asylum policy in the UK. Journal of Refugee Studies, 13, 29-42;
  8. Bonifazi C. & Sabatino D. (2003). Albanian migration to Italy: What official data and survey results can reveal. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 29: 967-95;, DOI: 10.1080/1369183032000171320
  9. Brubaker W.R. (1989). Immigration and the politics of citizenship in Europe and North America. Lanham, Maryland/London, UK: University Press of America.
  10. Castel S., de Haas, H. & Miller J.M. (2014). The Age of Migration International Population Movements in the Modern World (Fifth Edition). Palgrave Macmillan, HampshireUK.
  11. Delanty G. (1997). Models of Citizenship: Defining European Identity and Citizenship. Citizenship Studies, 1, 3: 285-303. ISSN 1362-1025
  12. Isin, E. F., & B. S. Turner, (2007). Investigating citizenship: an agenda for citizenship studies. Citizenship studies, 11,1: 5-17;, DOI: 10.1080/13621020601099773
  13. Hansen R.& P. Weil, eds. (2001). Towards a European Nationality. Citizenship, Immigration and Nationality Law in the eu. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
  14. Joppke, C. (2007). Transformation of citizenship: status, rights, identity. Citizenship studies, 11, 1, 37-48;, DOI: 10.1080/13621020601099831
  15. Landolt P. & L. Goldring, (2015). Assembling noncitizenship through the work of conditionality. Citizenship Studies, 19, 8: 853-869;, DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2015.1110280
  16. Ministero del Lavoro e delle Politiche Sociali, Direzione Generale dell’ Immigrazione e delle Politiche di Integrazione (2015). La Communita Albanese in Italia. Rapporto annuale sulla presenza dei migranti.
  17. Mrozowicki A. (2011). Coping with Social Change. Life Strategies of Workers in Poland’s New Capitalism. Leuven: Leuven University Press.
  18. Pastore F. (2001). Nationality, Law and International Migration: The Italian Case. In: Hansen R. & Weil P., eds., cit.: 95-117.
  19. Riva E. & Zanfrini L. (2013). The Labor Market Condition of Immigrants in Italy: The case of Lombardy. Revue Interventions économiques, 47. Available at http://interventionseconomiques.revues.org/1987.
  20. Schuster L. & Solomos J. (2002). Rights and Wrongs across European Borders: Migrants, Minorities and Citizenship. Citizenship Studies ISSN online 1469-3593, 6, 1: 37-54;, DOI: 10.1080/13621020220118740
  21. Shachar A. (2014). Introduction: Citizenship and the ‘Right to have Rights’. Citizenship Studies, 18, 2: 114-124;, DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2014.886389
  22. Tambakaki P. (2015). Citizenship and inclusion: rethinking the analytical category of noncitizenship. Citizenship Studies, 19, 8: 922-935;, DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2015.1110285
  23. Tonkiss K. & Bloom T. (2015). Theorising noncitizenship: concepts, debates and challenges. Citizenship studies, 19, 8: 837-852.
  24. Weissbrodt D. & Divine M. (2015). Unequal access to human rights: the categories of noncitizenship. Citizenship Studies, 19, 8: 870-891;, DOI: 10.1080/13621025.2015.1110282

Sonila Danaj, Erka Çaro, in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 3/2016, pp. 95-108, DOI:10.3280/MM2016-003007

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content