The issues related to the energy transition towards forms with less impact than the current ones have today a wide resonance in numerous debates. The paper starts from the assumption that the model of development of the "advanced" societies is today unsustainable, so as to threaten life on the planet; concerns regarding the state of health of the environment are turning the new logic of the so-called "carbon control". The article focuses on two aspects of the problem: on the one hand, it is investigated the transposition of the concept of energy transition at the urban scale. On the other hand, the contribution reflects on the conceptual and methodological tools that urban sociology can provide to understand the phenomenon of transition and to contribute to the formulation of solutions.
Keywords: Energy transition, city, climate change, energy justice, post-carbon, carbon control