Clicca qui per scaricare

Un progetto di educazione alla salute sul fumo di tabacco in un campione di donne in ambiente di lavoro. Un cross sectional study
Titolo Rivista: SALUTE E SOCIETÀ 
Autori/Curatori: Elisa Langiano, Maria Ferrara, Emilio Greco, Simone De Sio, Elisabetta De Vito 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  14 P. 135-148 Dimensione file:  90 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SES2017-002010
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 




The aim of the study is to analyze the smoking attitudes of women in their working envi-ronment before and after a prevention campaign on the damage of smoking. 831 question-naires were administered, before and after the educational intervention, with special attention to smoking habits and to the behaviours typical of the working circle. 26% of the interviewees is an active smoker, 14% is a former smoker, 56% started smoking around the age of 15-20, 42% of the women smokes at the presence of their children. 81% is conscious of the damage caused by smoke on the foetus, only 9% declared smoking during the pregnancy. Only 7% of the interviewees smoked during lactation. 44% of smokers do not consider preventing from smoking in the presence of non-smoking colleagues, 36% usually smokes in working hours, 21% do not ask for permission when smoking in the presence of colleagues. 48% claims that passive smoking can reason minor effects and 21% of smokers claims never tried to stop smoking. 96% of the women declared the necessity of prevention with public campaigns.
Keywords: Fumo, fattori di rischio sociale, percezione sociale, sanità pubblica, sociologia della salute, determinanti di salute.

  1. Aveyard P., Markham W.A., Cheng K.K. (2004). A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smoke. Social Science & Medicine, 58(11): 2253-2265.
  2. Biasioli R., Pavan L., Grechi A. (2011). BPCO e tumori. Italian Journal of Medicine, 5(1): 128-S134.
  3. Cocco G., Langiano E., Mattiello V., Federico B., Gentile A., De Vito E. (2006). Educating patients suffering from re-acutisation of chronic bronchitis. A pilot project within Intermediate Care. Italian Journal of Public Health, 3(2): 65-74.
  4. Corposanto C. (2011). La valutazione sociosanitaria. Teoria e applicazioni. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino Editore.
  5. DOXA (2016). Il fumo in Italia. --Disponibile al sito: http://www.iss.it/binary/fumo4/cont/DOXA_Fumo_in_Italia_2016.pdf
  6. Greco E. (2016). Sociologia della Salute. Prevenzione sociale e sanitaria delle malattie. Soveria Mannelli: Rubbettino Editore.
  7. Jacobsen B., Reinbacher G.S. (2016). Smoking prevalence in comparison to smoking policies. Initiatives targeting the population versus initiatives targeting theenvironment in Denmark, 1978-2010. In: Giarelli G., Jacobsen B., Nielsen M., Reinbacher G.S., Eds., Future challenges for health and healthcare in Europe. Aalborg: Aalborg University Press.
  8. Laaksonen M., Rahkonen O., Karvonen S., Lahelma E. (2005). Socioeconomic status and smoking: Analysing inequalities with multiple indicators. European Journal of Public Health, 15(3): 262-269.
  9. La Torre G., Chiaradia G., Monte L., Moretti C., Mannocci A., Capitanio D., Ferrara M., Gentile A., Di Thiene D., De Vito E., Boccia A. (2010). A randomised controlled trials of a school-based intervention to prevent tobacco use among children and adolescents in Italy. Journal Of Public Health, 18(6): 533-542.
  10. Mannocci A., Colamesta V., Mipatrini D., Messina G., Gualano M.R., Gianfagna F., Boccia G., Langiano E., Nicolotti N., Veronesi G., Siliquini R., De Vito E., La Torre G. (2015). From directive to practice: are pictorial warnings and plain packaging effective to reduce the tobacco addiction?. Public Health, 129(12): 1563-70.
  11. Maturo A. (2007). Sociologia della malattia. Un’introduzione. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  12. Maturo A. (2012). La società bionica. Saremo sempre più belli, felici e artificiali?. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  13. Nardini S., Bertoletti R., Rastelli V., Donner C.F. (1998). The influence of personal tobacco smoking on the clinical practice of Italian chest physicians. European Respiratory Journal, 12(6): 1450-1453.
  14. NIEbP – Network Italiano di Evidence-based Prevention (2013). Prevenzione primaria del fumo di tabacco – 2013 .I.S.S. – SNLG
  15. Oh L., Heck J.E., Dresler C., Allwright S., Haglund M., Del Mazo S.S. (2010). Determinants of smoking initiation among women in five European countries: a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 10(1): 74., 10.1186/1471-2458-10-74DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-74
  16. Palmieri L., Lo Noce C., Vanuzzo D., Dima F., Donfrancesco C., Pilotto L. (2010). Osservatorio Epidemiologico Cardiovascolare: andamento temporale dei fattori di rischio cardiovascolare. Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia, 11 (5 Suppl. 3): 31S-36S.
  17. Romagnoli M., Fabbri L. M. (2003). Broncopneumopatia cronica ostruttiva: definizione e classificazione di gravità. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 39(4): 461-466.
  18. Schudson M., BaykurtB. (2016). How does a culture of health change? Lessons from the war on cigarettes. Social Science & Medicine, 165: 289-296
  19. Shanmugam R. (2013). Does smoking delay pregnancy? Data analysis by a tweaked geometric distribution answers. Intarnational Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 1(4): 343-348.
  20. Siegrist J., Marmot M. (2004). Health inequalities and the psychosocial environment-two scientific challenges. Social Science& Medicine, 58(8): 1463-1473., 10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00349-DOI: 10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00349-
  21. Sreeramareddy C.T., Harper S., Ernstsen L. (2016). Educational and wealth inequalities in tobacco use among men and women in 54 low-income and middle-income countries. Tobacco Control, 66.
  22. Subramanian S.V., Nandy S., Kelly M., Gordon D., Davey Smith G. (2004). Health behaviour in context: exploratory multi-level analysis of smoking, drinking and tobacco chewing in four states. Economic and Political Weekly, 39(7): 684-693.

Elisa Langiano, Maria Ferrara, Emilio Greco, Simone De Sio, Elisabetta De Vito, in "SALUTE E SOCIETÀ" 2/2017, pp. 135-148, DOI:10.3280/SES2017-002010

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche