Clicca qui per scaricare

Due decenni di ricerca sulla migrazione messicana in una nuova destinazione non-metropolitana: riflessioni di campo dagli Stati Uniti
Titolo Rivista: MONDI MIGRANTI 
Autori/Curatori: Víctor Zúñiga, Rubén Hernández-León 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2017 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  22 P. 7-28 Dimensione file:  224 KB
DOI:  10.3280/MM2017-001001
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


L’articolo sintetizza due decenni di ricerca sulla migrazione messicana a Dalton, una piccola città in Georgia, Usa. L’analisi si focalizza sui risultati del lavoro di campo e li colloca nel contesto dello studio della crescente rilevanza delle destinazioni piccolo-medie per la migrazione messicana e latina negli Stati Uniti. L’articolo presenta innanzitutto l’approccio induttivo, costruzionista e interazionista che è stato usato. Con questi strumento analitici si è studiato il processo sociale dell’immigrazione nelle piccole e medie città come una rete di interazioni fra immigrati e residenti di ungo periodo, come protagonisti e non solo vittime di forza strutturali di ampio respiro. Questo approccio ha permesso di scoprire diverse e inaspettate interazioni, che includono alleanze, cooperazione, fratture, tensioni, conflitti, aggiustamenti, adattamenti e ri-defnizione dei confini fra immigrati e nativi. L’articolo si chiude con una breve analisi della seconda generazione messicana in questo contesto. I risultati di questa ricerca sono un invito ad approfondire lo studio dell’arrivo dei migranti in destinazioni non metropolitani in altri paesi.


Keywords: Migrazione internazionale, Messico, Stati Uniti, nuove destinazioni, integrazione degli immigrati, Georgia.

  1. Amescua-Chávez C. (2016). Cultural Practices of Mexican Immigrants in Gwinnett County (Usa): Intangible Cultural Heritage on a Space of Conviviality in a Receiving Community. In: Gledhill J., ed. cit.
  2. Bach R.L. (1993). Changing Relations: Newcomers and Established Residents in U.S. Communities. New York: Ford Foundation.
  3. Barth F., ed. (1969). Ethnic Groups and Boundaries (The Social Organization of Culture Difference). London: Allen & Unwin.
  4. Beck S.A., Stevenson A.D. (2016). Shifting Racialized Identities Among Mexican Heritage Women of the Rural South: Brown Faces in Black and White Places. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science, 38, 1: 31-54.
  5. Boger J.C. and Orfield G., eds. (2005). School Resegregation, Must the South Turn Back? Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
  6. Brubaker R. (2004). Ethnicity without Groups. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  7. Burawoy M. (1976). The Functions and Reproduction of Migrant Labor: Comparative Material from Southern Africa and the United States. American Journal of Sociology, 81, 5: 1050-1087.
  8. Cravey A. (1997) Latino Labor and Poultry Production in Rural North Carolina. Southeastern Geographer, 37: 295-300.
  9. Crowley M., Lichter D.T. (2009). Social Disorganization in New Latino Destinations. Rural Sociology, 74, 4: 573-604.
  10. Engstrom J.D. (2001) Industry and Immigration in Dalton, Georgia. In: Murphy A., Blanchard C., Hill J.,eds. cit.: 44-56.
  11. Fink D. (1998). Cutting into the meatpacking line: workers and change in the rural Midwest. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.
  12. Georgia Department of Education (2015). Schools and Districts, -- retrieved July 18 2016 https://app3.doe.k12.ga.us/ows-bin/owa/fte_pack_ethnicsex_pub.entry_form.
  13. Gledhill J., ed. (2016). World Anthropologies in Practice: Situated Perspectives, Global Knowledge. New York: Bloomsbury, Association of Social Anthropologists Monographs.
  14. Grey M.A. (1999). Immigrants, Migration and Worker Turnover at the Hog Pride Pork Packing Plant. Human Organization, 58, 1: 16-27.
  15. Griffith D.C. (1995). New Immigrants in an Old Industry: Blue Crab Processing in Pamlico County, North Carolina. In: Stull D.D., Broadway M.J. and Griffith D., eds. cit.: 153-186.
  16. Griffith D.C., Stepick A., Richman K., Grenier G., Kissam E., Burns A. and Camposeco J. (2001). Another Day in the Diaspora: Changing Ethnic Landscapes in South Florida. In: Murphy A.D., Blanchard C. and Hill J.A., eds. cit.: 82-92.
  17. Hamann E.T. (2002). Un Paso Adelante? The Politics of Bilingual Education, Latino Student Accommodation, and School District Management in Southern Appalachia. In: Wortham S., Murillo E.G. and Hamann E.T., eds. cit.: 67-97.
  18. Hernández-León R. and Zúñiga V. (2016). Introduction to the Special Issue: Contemporary Return Migration from the United States to Mexico-Focus on Children, Youth, Schools and Families. Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos, 32, 2: 171-198.
  19. Hernández-León R., and Zúñiga V. (2005). Appalachia Meets Aztlán: Mexican Immigration and Intergroup Relations in Dalton, Georgia. In: Zúñiga V. and Hernández-León R., ed. cit.: 244-274.
  20. Hernández-León R., Morando Lakhani S. (2013). Gender, Bilinguism, and the Early Occupational Careers of Second-Generation Mexicans in the South. Social Forces, 92, 1: 59-81.
  21. Hernández-León R., Zuñiga V., Shadduck J.L. and Villarreal M.O. (1997). Hispanic Community Needs Assessment. Universidad de Monterrey and The Georgia Project. Unpublished manuscript.
  22. Hernández-León, R., and Zúñiga V. (2000). ‘Making Carpet by the Mile’: The Emergence of a Mexican Immigrant Community in an Industrial Region of the U.S. Historic South. Social Science Quarterly, 81, 1: 49-66.
  23. Jones J.A. (2012). Blacks May Be Second Class, but They Can’t Make Them Leave’: Mexican Racial Formation and Immigrant Status. Latino Studies, 10, 1-2: 60-80.
  24. Kelley K. (1996). On Their Own: American Working Class Women Married to Mexican Immigrant Men in the Rural South. M.A. Thesis. Georgia State University.
  25. Lee J. (2006). Civility in the City: Blacks, Jews and Koreans in Urban America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  26. Marrow H.B. (2009). Immigrant Bureaucratic Incorporation: The Dual Roles of Professional Missions and Government Policies. American Sociological Review, 74: 756-776.
  27. McClain P.D., Carter N.M., DeFrancesco Soto, V.M., Lyle, M.L., Grynaviski, J.D., Nunnally, S.C., Scotto T.J., Kendrick J.A., Lackey G.F., Davenport Cotton, K. (2006). Racial Distancing in a Southern City: Latino Immigrants’ Views of Black Americans. The Journal of Politics, 68, 3: 571-584.
  28. Murphy, A., Blanchard, C., Hill J., eds. (2001). Latino Workers in the Contemporary South. Athens GA: University of Georgia Press.
  29. Odem M.E. and Lacy E. (2009). Latino Immigrants and the Transformation of the U.S. South, Athens: University of Georgia Press.
  30. Orfield G. (2005). Introduction. The Southern Dilemma: Losing Brown, Fearing Plessy. In: Boger J.C. and Orfield G., eds. cit.: 1-25.
  31. Portes A. and Rumbaut R.G. (2014). Immigrant America: A Portrait. Berkeley: University of California Press 4th edition.
  32. Ruggles S.J., Trent A., Genadek K., Goeken R., Schroeder M.B. and Sobek, M. (2010). Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 5.0. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.
  33. Smith R.C. (2006). Mexican New York, Transnational Lives of New Immigrants. Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  34. Spener D. and Staudt K., eds. (1998). The U.S.-Mexico Border: Trascending Divisions, Contesting Identities. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  35. Stacy J. (2011). Educational Views from White Native South Workers: the case of Dalton, Georgia. M.A. in Education dissertation, Monterrey, Mexico: Universidad de Monterrey.
  36. Studstill J.D. and Nieto-Studstill L. (2001). Hospitality and Hostility: Latin Immigrants in Southern Georgia. In: Murphy, A. D., Blanchard, C., and Hill, J. A., eds, cit.: 68-81.
  37. Stuesse A.C. (2009). Race, Migration, and Labor Control: Neoliberal Challenges to Organizing Mississippi’s Poultry Workers. In: Odem M.E. and Lacy E., cit.: 91-111.
  38. Stull D.D., Broadway M.J. and Griffith D., eds. (1995). Any Way You Cut It: Meat Processing and Small Town America. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
  39. United States Historical Census Data Browser (2010). Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin: 2010, American Fact Finder -- retrieved July 16 2016 http://factfinder. census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF
  40. Waldinger R. (2015). The Cross-Border Connection: Immigrants, Emigrants, and their Homelands, Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  41. Waldinger R. and Lichter M. (2003). How the Other Half Works: Immigration and the Social Organization of Labor. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  42. Wimmer A. (2013). Ethnic Boundary Making. Institutions, Power, Networks. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  43. Winders J. and Smith B.E. (2012). Excepting/accepting the South: New Geographies of Latino migration, new direction in Latino Studies. Latino Studies, 10: 220-245.
  44. Wortham S., Murillo E.G. and Hamann E.T., eds. (2002). Education in the New Latino Diaspora: Policy and the Politics of Identity. Westport: CT, Ablex.
  45. Zúñiga V. and Hernández-León R. (2001). A New Destination for an Old Migration: Origins, Trajectories, and Labor Market Incorporation of Latinos in Dalton, Georgia. In: Murphy, A., Blanchard, C., and Hill J., eds. cit.: 126-135.
  46. Zúñiga V. and Hernández-León R. (2005). Introduction. In: Zúñiga V. and Hernández-León R., ed. cit.
  47. Zúñiga V. and Hernández-León R., ed. (2005). New Destinations: Mexican Immigration in the United States. New York: Russel Sage Foundation.

Víctor Zúñiga, Rubén Hernández-León, in "MONDI MIGRANTI" 1/2017, pp. 7-28, DOI:10.3280/MM2017-001001

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche