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The emergence of the ecological mind in Hua-Yen/Kegon Buddhism and Jungian Psychology
Author/s: Joe Cambray 
Year:  2016 Issue: 44 Language: Italian 
Pages:  10 Pg. 20-29 FullText PDF:  169 KB
DOI:  10.3280/JUN2016-044003
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The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung’s explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung’s Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks. Comparisons are made, first with classical symbolic forms, demonstrating some overlap but also some differences. Then comparison of rhizomal networks is made to those found both in mammalian brains and in recent images of the "cosmic web". While no hard conclusions can be drawn from these images, their remarkable similarities are suggestive of a need to reconsider what is meant by "intelligence". The cosmic web is one of the largest structures in the known universe (clusters of galaxies which form into filaments and walls) with empty spaces in between. Exploration of the structure of this web leads to a discussion of dark matter and dark energy, current hot topics in science, probing into the mysteries of our "Big-Bang" cosmology. An additional comparison of the emerging image of the universe as a whole with the ancient Chinese Buddhist cosmological vision from the Hua-Yen School (Kegon in Japan) again reveals profound parallels. The potential convergence of aspects of subjective, or meditative, explorations with objective scientific constructions is striking and offers links between East and West, as well as potential confirmation of the objective aspects of empathy.
Keywords: Cosmic web, ecological networks, Hua-Yen Buddhism, objective empathy.

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Joe Cambray, The emergence of the ecological mind in Hua-Yen/Kegon Buddhism and Jungian Psychology in "STUDI JUNGHIANI" 44/2016, pp. 20-29, DOI:10.3280/JUN2016-044003


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